Exploring New Frontiers And Production Of Hydrocarbon From Niger Delta Basin

1499 Words Oct 27th, 2016 6 Pages
Abstract

There is need for exploring new frontiers and production of hydrocarbon from the Niger Delta basin for use in the energy sector. Sequel to this, it is pertinent to have adequate knowledge about the geology the basin to discover and exploit new conventional sources. The geology of the Niger Delta basin is summarized into three depositional belts; Akata, Agbada and the Benin formation. The source rock for oil in the basin is from the Akata formation whilst Agbada formation is the main reservoir. Numerous oil fields have been drilled and developed, including Bonga field located in the deep waters of the basin, 120km offshore Gulf of Guinea. The basin also is proven to be one the richest in the world since oil was first discovered sixty years ago.

Introduction

“The Niger Delta Basin occupies the Gulf of Guinea continental margin in equatorial West Africa, between latitudes 3o and 6o N and longitudes 5o and 8o E. It ranks among the world’s most prolific petroleum producing tertiary deltas, comparable to the Alaska north slope, the Mississippi, the Orinoco, and the Mahakam” (Reijers et al., 1997). However, due to constructive epeirogenic motion, the basin development began across the Benin and Calabar flanks. The basin evolved from a regressive off lap sequences. Subsequent studies shows that sediments supply to the basin originated from the Miogeocline and were transported by the Niger and Benue rivers. The basin has overtime preserved a thick accumulation of…
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