Exploring ways of conceptualizing ASD in Africa.
Questioning the cultural sensitivity of the DSM.
Exploring research findings of ASD etiology and epidemiology in non-western cultures in developing countries. This will determine whether the DSM is culturally sensitive to other parts of the world. Does the DSM take into account different conceptual social constructs of mental health from diverse cultures? The manual mentions that professionals should take into account the patients social and cultural surroundings when making a diagnosis of a mental disorder, but really is that enough to become a revolutionary universal tool?
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: INTRODUTION 1
Background of the research 1
Aims and objectives of the research 4
Research Methodology 5
CHAPTER 2: 7
DIAGNOSTIC STATISTICAL MANUAL OF MENTAL DISORDERS 7
The History and revisions of the DSM 8
DSM-I (1952) 8
DSM-II (1968), (1974) 9
DSM-III (1980), DSM-III-R (1987) 9
DSM-IV (1994), DSM-IV-TR (2000), 10
DSM-5 (2013); Perspective of ASD ‘Neuro-developmental Disorders’ and Criteria 12
International Classification of Diseases-10 and its difference with DSM 18
Western mainstream approach of Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) 20
The founding fathers of Autism 21
Challenges and Criticism of the DSM in the West 25
Misdiagnosing of Women; Wing and Gould (2011) ‘triad of impairments’ DSM IV vs. DSM-V 25
International Classification of Diseases-10 26
Deconstructing the DSM