Exploring the Mexican Independence from Spain Essay

Decent Essays

Introduction To what extent was Mexico’s independence from Spain a “full-scale assault on dependency”? This essay will investigate how the Mexican independence from Spain was only slightly a “full-scale assault on dependency”, due to several political and social conflicts. Firstly, Mexico remained a monarchy (but not under the control of Spain) after the insurgency. Secondly, there was still an official state religion in Mexico. Another reason is because social conflicts reduced the desire for independence .On the other hand, it assaulted dependency because there were some changes within the social hierarchy, and because Mexico was free from Spain.
Before the Mexican insurgency, a mass famine struck the Bajio, or lowland …show more content…

For example, some of his reforms were the following: 1. That America is free and independent of all nations; 8. The salaries of the representatives will be enough for sustenance; 13. That the general laws apply to everyone, without excepting priviledged bodies, along with other radical reforms (Morelos). Unfortunately, none of them were actually implemented, as Morelos’ guerilla warfare tactic, resulting in many defeats. Finally, his movement ended as he was executed in 1815 by the Spanish Inquisition ("Father Hidalgo Proclaims Grito de Dolores”). Towards the year 1820, desire for independence within Mexico decreased, as there was an inner conflict between the peninsulares, creoles, and the lower classes, as the aspirations of the lower castes would reduce the political and economic power of those classes (Keen 169; Huck 51). But then there was a new leader of the independence movement: Agustin de Iturbide. Instead of continuing the legacies of Morelos and Hidalgo, he changed sides, fighting only for the independence of Spain (Huck 53-54) His conservative plan, the Plan of Iguala, consisted of creating a constitutional monarchy, establishing Roman Catholicism as the official religion of Mexico, and giving equality to only peninsulares and creoles (Kirkwood). Despite establishing independence, the Plan of Iguala created a long line of dictators, only to make

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