Extended Essay History

4691 Words Jan 5th, 2013 19 Pages
NAME: AKSHAYE WADHWA
MAY 2013
CANDIDATE NUMBER: 002062-047
WORD COUNT: 3789

HISTORY EXTENDED ESSAY
EFFECT OF THE COLD WAR ON INDIA AND PAKISTAN

"To what extent did events and policies during the Cold War involving India and Pakistan determine their growth till 1991?"

ABSTRACT (WORD COUNT: 327)

This essay attempts to shed some light on the question: "To what extent can the Cold War be looked upon as the main event in shaping the political, economic and military schemes in India and Pakistan 1991?" It starts off by explaining the Cold War, its far reaching implications and the effect it had on two bitter neighbours, India and Pakistan. The focus of the essay then moves onto explaining the nature of the Cold War and its effect upon
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The effect of the 44 year long conflict between capitalism and communism; East and West; the USA and the USSR has had an impact on both countries to an extent that has determined the fate of their policies, governments, economies and militaries.

At the end of the Cold War there were some countries left in ruins. India and Pakistan, were both affected by the dispute. According to a research study conducted by scholars at the London School Of Economics, "following the success of economic liberalisation in the 1990s, which generated growth rates in excess of 8% and a rising middle class, expectations have grown that India might become a superpower, particularly in a West that sees in India's democratic heritage the potential for strategic partnership." In contrast, there is a lot of controversy surrounding the involvement of Pakistan's government in terrorist activities. In a leaked document of the British Defence Ministry it was reported that: "Indirectly Pakistan (through the ISI) has been supporting terrorism and extremism--whether in London on 7/7 [the July 2005 attacks on London's transit system], or in Afghanistan, or Iraq." Although these are not events that occurred during the time frame of the research, it goes on to show and serve as evidence that Pakistan came out a troubled nation. In addition to the involvement in terrorism, the citizens of the Muslim republic face poverty and are subject to a lot of instability in

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