As Martin Luther King had said, ‘It really boils down to this: that all life is interrelated’1. Globalisation is a term that can be defined in various ways. It is a complex process that does not have a clear beginning or end, rather it is something that has developed, strengthened and deepened over time. Globalisation is a process of integration, interconnection and exchange between peoples from different parts of the world. It is the connection and expansion of international, cultural, economic and political activities. Globalisation is a concept that transforms the various relationships across and between countries, regions and continents. Having a long history within the world, globalisation and the interconnection process can be divided into three main periods including archaic globalisation, proto-globalisation and modern globalisation. So, was there globalisation before the 1600s? This paper aims to explore the concept and context of globalisation along with some of its historical roots prior to the 1600s in order to provide a definitive answer.
The phrase of globalisation is becoming very popular around the world, and it gives free movement to communicate with people regarding cultural, economic, social, technological, political, educational and businesses. In the modern society globalisation has impacted on many human lives, which started in the western countries in (1492), according to Kevin H. O'Rourke, Jeffrey G. Williamson, and then it expanded all over the world. The word of globalisation can describe many different aspects such as globalisation of nothing, the making of the global society and the globalisation of wealthy and poor. According to Robert Shuey in (2001), ‘’globalisation is widely and somewhat loosely used a term, intended to describe the recent and rapid process of international, economic, social, and political integration’’. The idea of his words that globalisation is giving an opportunity to people, so they can travel, invest internationally, and communicate this can help many businesses people especially in Australia to invest more widely and internationally. Globalisation has impacted on Australian society in all terms of life, for instance, it has an enormous impact on health and education system, on technology, and on the Australian economy. But one of the categories is increasing so widely among Australian people who affect many young people’s lives is the impact of racism on the health and wellbeing of young Australians. The word racism is the very phenomenon aspect in the Australian society, especially between young people. On the very high percentage of many young Australians are experiencing racism between the nation, most of these racists are because of skin colour, cultural beliefs, different traditions from different countries, speaking another language and gender. Racism plays a significant role in the society, and many people are aware of this because when they face radical discrimination from any individual, they feel angry and frustrated, and sometimes they feel of not belonging to the local community.
The end of the Cold War brought about the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, paving the way for an unprecedented new paradigm – one characterised by the end of hostilities between the two dominant ideologies: Soviet communism and American liberal capitalism. This dominant new paradigm encouraged the homogenisation of ideas, in the form of exchanging ethos and values along former cultural, ideological and geographical divides. As such, this integration of world societies has earned the title ‘globalisation’, forcing the global community to appear so united as to warrant the metaphor of a global village. (Note: This paragraph pains me to read – I will eventually re-write it.)
Globalisation can be defined as the movement toward economic, financial, trade, and communications integration by countries and their populations globally. It is a constant process and it has resulted in the intertwining and generalisation of the needs and wants of people
Pankaj Ghemawant- A notable author of the book “World 3.0”, has done a significant research to understand how globalised we are. According to his research-
“So, you know, I think the age of exploration is just beginning, not ending, on our planet.” – Robert Ballard. Zheng He was a mariner, explorer and admiral during China’s Ming Dynasty. Zheng He was from a Chinese Muslim family. He was captured at an early age, castrated, and sent to the army as as orderlies. Zheng He became a great influence in the Yongle court and soon after he ascended the throne and was given the name Zheng. He first set sail in 1405 and died in the spring of 1433 completing a total of seven exped itions. Zheng He is also considered to be “the world’s most important crossroad of trade.” Zheng He was quite successful and accomplished the goal of his voyages and extended the wealth and power of China over a vast realm.
‘Globalization: What’s new? What’s not? (And so what)’, portrays the speed in which globalism has increased through many different factors; economically, military, environmentally and socially. This is an idealist analytic approach, not set in stone. This leads on to
We are currently impacted by global processes, of unprecedented magnitude. On the positive side, our world is characterized (and increasingly) by a rapid increase in trade, both of capital, goods and services, including information, ideas, technologies and cultural patterns. On the negative side, we experience processes enormous concentration of wealth and social marginalization, and a rapid enlargement of the gap between developed and underdeveloped countries in the world, while appear on the horizon an ecological crisis of global reach.
Word of Zheng He’s death set off a political firestorm among court factions within the Chinese government. As a result, there was swift movement to restrain future maritime exploration altogether. It also appears that the ever masterful Confucian scholars had a hand in orchestrating a largely symbolic message when they ordered the destruction of Zheng He’s entire fleet and years of meticulously kept documents. From historical perspective alone, it seems striking that those bearing witness to such vast undertakings, culminating in triumphant and prestigious accomplishments on the world’s stage, would relegate them to such an inauspicious end. However, as one might expect, there was more to the story. Powerful factions in the emperor's court
Modern society in its entirety is constantly shifting and developing in unify through communication integration, financial wealth, and economic status. This level of connectedness is the result of globalisation. But, what is globalisation and how does this term impact society and cultural environments? This essay will critically analyse if whether Thomas Friedman’s thesis surrounding the effects of globalization as creating a “flat world” which is the emergence of borderless countries is accurate, or if globalisation is indeed the natural subset of development. Critical analysis will focus on the three key sub-topics of globalisation including homogenisation, polarisation, and Glocalisation regarding their stance for or against the argument
- Trading blocks such as the North American Free Trade Agreement and the European Union stand to have a great impact on international business because they change the rules of trade and in some cases, investment, presenting new opportunities but also new threats to both foreign and domestic companies. Whether they are harmful or helpful is difficult to state in just a paragraph or two, but will depend on the
Globalisation is an ever growing process around the world, which has been an ever-lasting process throughout time and into the 21st century. Globalisation is described as “a process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture” (Al-Rodhan 2006). Throughout time, Golbalisation has impacted everyone, from the changing face of work (Occupational Psychology) through the Industrial Revolution to the more current Globalisation of hand held devices, such as mobile phones.
The theory of globalization today is a field of intensive debate as the efforts towards defining globalization most often highlight its individual aspects. According to Held and McGrew (1999), “globalisation is an idea whose time has come, yet it lacks precise definition”. Despite the ambiguity of the term “globalisation,” the use of the term, according to Held and McGrew, reflects increased interconnectedness in political, economic and cultural matters across the world creating a shared social space. Given this inter-connectedness, globalisation may be defined as: “a process which embodies a transformation in the spatial organisation of social relations and
We live in a world where, with every day that passes, more and more of the barriers that isolate us from the rest of the globe are being dismantled. But what implications does the process of globalization have with regards to its effects on real people in real time? Given the vastly different political and economic climates of different societies around the world, as well as the vast differences between class groups within individual societies, this issue is not as simple as pointing to an individual ethnographic example and stating ‘globalisation affects all of humanity in this way’. There are clearly going to be varying degrees of positive and negative implications, depending on the society in question.