External Factors Of Decolonization Of India

1432 Words6 Pages
TOPIC: DECOLONIATION OF INDIA: EXTERNAL FACTORS SECUERD INDEPENDENCE. Question: how external factors contributed towards the course of decolonization of subcontinent? Hypothesis: Alongside the global wave of decolonization, the weakening British rule amid the first and the second world wars steered the decline in British military, economic and political powers that was instrumental in decolonization of subcontinent. ABSTRACT: Before the world war Great Britain enjoyed the status of being world’s super power and had colonies all over the world however, it started decolonization process (1945-1977).we have discussed what caused British to decolonize India and what factors were instrumental in decolonization? • AFTER The end of Second World War…show more content…
Rule of east India Company (1758-1858) came to end and India came directly under British crown under the Indian act of independence 1858. The British Empire covered one quarter of earth after ww1; it was referred as an empire on which sun never set. During 19th century Britain sought to strengthen its hold on Indian subcontinent because of availability if natural resources. It was considered as a model colony, it was profitable to Britain, and one more plus point was that it provided route to china. In 1870 British were economically at the top, however during 19th century there were large scale famine in India. However British rule over India was not threatened at that time. Many Reforms were introduced under British rules .British raj over India before and after First World War was marked with many…show more content…
As the war started Indians showed goodwill towards British which was unexpected because world thought they will start a revolt. Indians troops helped British in fact the number of Indian troops had exceeded the British army. The number was about 1.5 million. In every one of the 140,000 men served on the Western Front and almost 700,000 in the Middle East. 47,746 Indian officers were executed and 65,126 injured amid World War. The explanation why such a great number of troops from India helped Britain lies in the fact that Britain had promised to grant self-government after the war. Britain wanted to create an impact in world war so that they live up to their status of “super power”. Ottoman Empire was the center of Muslims fraternity, during the war it was attacked by Britain; the attacks on Turks provoked the sentiments of Muslims of subcontinent and “The Khilafat movement” was started by Indians due to the external factor which was to stop British from damaging the holy places in Turkey. The Hindu Muslim unity at this was at pinnacle. The Britain had a natural enemy in form of Germany, as it tried level best to start the anti British movement in India both before and during the war. In January 1915 Great Britain suffered form first major causality of war; the air-raid by Germany on Britain took place. As a result Britain and Indian troops led an attack on Germany in March 1915. The next year of war i.e.

More about External Factors Of Decolonization Of India

Open Document