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Eye Movement Desensitization Regulation (EMDR)

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Eye movement desensitization regulation (EMDR) is a treatment that was developed in order to treat individuals who have gone through a traumatic experience. The goal of this treatment is to resolve dysfunctional traumatic memories by adequately accessing and processing them (Solomon, Solomon, & Heide, 2009). By completing this treatment the traumatic memories would no longer cause major distress to the individual and their negative beliefs about himself/herself would be reformulated (Shapiro, 2009). This treatment is done during individual therapy with a therapist and the client. The therapist completes this treatment by using a bilateral stimulation that will be explained further in this paper (Solomon & Shapiro, 2008). EMDR has…show more content…
This is the phase when the client will pinpoint the most distressing memory from their traumatic experience (Shapiro, 2009). The therapist will ask the client to pair an image to that memory. This image is a mental representation of the trauma that they experienced . The client will work with the therapist to describe the negative beliefs they have about themselves, which can be traced back to the traumatic experience. During this phase the therapist will help the client identify feelings and body sensations that are induced by this distressing image (Solomon, Solomon, & Heide, 2009) During EMDR the client’s progress can be determined by using a scale to rate their level of distress, which is known as the scale of subjective units of disturbance (SUD). The rating of zero means the client has no disturbance, and the rating of ten means the client is experiencing the worst possible disturbance. (Shapiro,…show more content…
During this phase the client will determine a positive belief about himself/herself. The therapist will use bilateral stimulation to connect the positive belief into the traumatic memory for the client (Shapiro, 2009). This positive belief will be integrated with existing positive cognition networks (Solomon, Solomon, & Heide, 2009). The sixth phase of EMDR is for the client to complete a body scan. The client will assess and pinpoint any leftover bodily sensations (Solomon, Solomon, & Heide, 2009).
The sixth phase leads into the seventh phase, which is the closure phase of EMDR. During this phase the therapist ensures the stability of the client, which they have gained through EMDR. The last phase is the re-evaluation phase of EMDR. This is the ending phase, however, at the beginning of each session of EMDR the client’s progress should be re-evaluated and determine where the client is at in the process. This is the last phase, but it will occur throughout the process. (Solomon, Solomon, & Heide, 2009)
Traumatic Stress and the
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