F. Scott Fitzgerald 's The Great Gatsby

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In Scott Fitzgerald’s, The Great Gatsby, there are numerous themes, resonating ideas, and patterns that occur, but none are as crucial to understanding Fitzgerald’s character Gatsby and the overall story than Fitzgerald’s portrayal of the dying American Dream. Before exploring the American Dream within the context of the text, readers should consider the changing concept of defining ‘the American Dream. While there are several interpretations of the American Dream, the one that is continuously presented throughout the text is best portrayed by Gatsby himself when he states, “My life, old sport, my life my life has got to be like this. It 's got to keep going up.” The American Dream, as contextualized by Fitzgerald, is illustrated as a chase or a race from poverty or state of discomfort to a state in which individuals achieve elite, often materialistic goals. Fitzgerald demonstrates this chase for success throughout his text and uses his characters as vehicles to portray civil society’s idealized conception of The Dream, while simultaneously critiquing the concept of his perception of the ridiculousness of living only for the purpose of obtaining the Dream’s expected riches. Moreover, Fitzgerald’s varied uses of the American Dream is an effective literary technique to not only critique overt materialism, corruption, greed, elitism, and the Roaring 1920s society, but also aim to illustrate a subliminal message to American society about the negative aspects of the Dream as well
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