HEALTH EFFECTS OF HIGH-INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING ON TYPE 2 DIABETES Many people suffer from type 2 diabetes, a type of metabolic disease (Curry et al., 2015; Hawley & Gibala, 2012). The prevalence of this disease has been increasing; one reason for this increase could be increased consumption of food as well as decreased prevalence of physical activity (Hawley & Gibala, 2012). Patients with type 2 diabetes are not able to metabolise glucose properly (Curry et al., 2015). Type 2 diabetes can cause patients to be very thirsty, excessively weary, and to experience a broad variety of other symptoms (Tovi & Engfeldt, 1998). It is often treated with insulin in order to help the body metabolise glucose (Tovi & Engfeldt, 1998). However, taking insulin can result in weight gain (Tovi & Engfeldt, 1998). Fat of the abdomen can be an indicator of the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease in an individual with type 2 diabetes, which is heavily correlated with type 2 diabetes (Siren, Eriksson, & Vanhanen, 2012). In terms of lifestyle choices, type 2 diabetes patients are often told to focus on diet, but are also encouraged to increase frequency of physical activity (Alvarez et al., 2016; Hawley & Gibala, 2012). Physical activity has been shown to decrease the amount of deaths resulting from diabetes related causes (Church et al., 2004). Increased physical activity has been shown to help glucose metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes (Curry et al., 2015). People who suffer
Taubes gives many examples about how obesity is not caused by eating too much. But what about not exercising enough? While acknowledging that exercise is important to lower the risks of heart disease and diabetes, he concludes that exercise really does not lead to substantial weight loss. The USDA guidelines have even suggested that up to 90 minutes a day of vigorous exercise
Liver is known as the metabolic port of entry for any endobiotic and xenobiotic substance. The anabolism and catabolism of most of the nutrients are in major performed by the liver. Carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism by the liver is of significance as the anomalies in metabolism of these nutrients may introduce several types of metabolic syndromes. The protective effects of aqueous green tea extract have been shown on hyperglycaemia, hyperlipidaemia and liver dysfunction in diabetic and obese rat models . Different nutrients combinations were tested in a long-term feeding in experimental mouse model. Regional and continental food habit and practices are very much different. Effects of Western, vegetarian, and Japanese dietary fat
e. Exercise: The American Heart Association (AHA, 2014) recommends exercising at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity at least 5 days per week for a total of 150
Evidence-based research was done in regards to combining diet and exercise programs to lower the risk of type II diabetes. They discovered that those that undertook these programs were able to see a decrease in periods of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia and were able to maintain normoglycemic levels more easily. In addition they were able to decrease cardiovascular risk and lower blood pressure levels. (Healthy People 2020, 2014)
Today, millions of new people become affected by type 2 diabetes every year. Diabetes ranks seventh among the leading causes of death in the United States and is causes more deaths than breast cancer and AIDS combined. Most people don't know how deadly this disease is. Weight loss is a primary goal towards preventing the disease. Therefore, almost every day companies introduce new medicines, pills, and diet plans that promise weight loss. These techniques are not always effective and they can be extremely expensive. However, there is an inexpensive old stand-by called “exercise” that has been proven over and over to reduce and control weight. Exercise is the most offered suggestion by doctors to prevent adult onset diabetes. People have to
Cardiovascular and metabolic diseases are a growing problem around the world today. Not only do diseases such as diabetes and heart disease affect individuals and their lifestyles, they also affect the economy, politics, education and the professional work environment. 20-26% of individuals in the United States live with heart disease, and obesity and high blood pressure compose the greatest factors for developing this disease . Studies have shown a direct correlation between the amount of sedentary time and cardiovascular and metabolic disease risk, regardless of baseline measurements . Thus, increase in physical activity will decrease cardiometabolic risk factors . Several studies indicate a positive correlation between physical activity and decreased cardiometabolic risk markers [2,4,11,16]. However, we now know that an individual who is getting the recommended physical activity per day can still have a large amount of sedentary time.
Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer in the United States, causing about 610,000 deaths yearly (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). Cardiovascular disease is defined as a group of disorders damaging the heart and blood vessels, usually involving the blockage of vessels, which in turn harm the
Accordingly, a recent analysis by Prentice and Jebb (4) has emphasized the contribution of sedentariness to the increased prevalence of overweight in the United Kingdom. Despite these observations, the contribution of exercise to the prevention and treatment of obesity is still perceived as trivial by many health professionals. The perception of many of them was recently well summarized by Garrow (5) who stated that exercise is a remarkably ineffective means of achieving weight loss in obese people, mainly because their exercise tolerance is so low that the level of physical activity that they can sustain makes a negligible contribution to total energy expenditure. When one looks at the currently available literature, it is difficult to disagree with this statement. Indeed, numerous studies have demonstrated that when exercise is used alone to treat obesity, body weight loss is generally small (6). In addition, the further weight loss generated by adding an exercise program to a reduced-calorie diet is also often small if not insignificant (7). Traditionally, the study of the impact of exercise on body weight control has focused on its energy cost and on the hope that the body energy loss will be equivalent to the cumulative energy cost of exercise sessions. In practical terms, this means for instance that if a physical activity program induces an excess of energy expenditure of 2000 kcal/week, a similar energy deficit should be expected in the active obese
5. Changing Lifestyle Weight management can be assisted through improvement in food and medical stuff, physical activity or behavioral change, with a combination of all three being most effective. Where possible, increased physical activity should be adopted, with 150-300 minutes of moderate activity, or 75-150 minutes of vigorous activity each week, which has been associated with improved health outcomes, irrespective of weight loss. The level of physical activity recommended will be dependent on an individual’s BMI, fitness levels, commodities and age.(Prof.hankey (2006))
What are the Best Exercises for Heart Health? The heart needs to be challenged, and for a sustained amount of time. The current standards for exercise to reduce risk of diseases like Cardiovascular Disease are 150 minutes a week of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of intense exercise. The pros list the following exercises as “the best,” but the best is what you enjoy
It is estimated that a change in lifestyle could reduce the incidence of Type 2 Diabetes by 28-59 percent (British Dietetic Association, 2010). Regular exercise can increase glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity and can improve blood pressure and HDL cholesterol. With the promotion of exercise, weight losers can preserve muscle. Muscle contributes to at least 50-70 percent of energy expenditure confirming that regular exercise is vital to keeping weight loss. A regular exercise routine is also important in increasing the amount of sleep and the quality of sleep received. A stunted sleep duration is a cause of growth in body mass index as well as obesity (Scandinavian 2010). Finnish Diabetes Prevention study states that at least four hours of exercise weekly assisted by a healthy nutritional regiment and weight loss is effective in Type 2 Diabetes
Table of Content 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Figueroa’s Framework 2.1 Individual Level 2.2 Interpersonal Level 3.0 Recommendations 4.0 Conclusion 5.0 Appendix 6.0 References 1.0 Introduction This report is to show how Figueroa’s framework is being presented at St Augustines College. The survey being conducted is to see the exact results. Through the
Running head: METABOLIC SYNDROME Metabolic Syndrome James Doucette College of Western Idaho Abstract Metabolic syndrome is an emerging diagnosis in the medical field that has effects on patient care. Becoming familiar with it and having it become a common part of patient care will, if used appropriately will increase the lives of those who have become affected with or are at risk of becoming diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of risks factors of metabolic origin that are accompanied by the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. There are five major factors to look for; out of these five a person only needs three to be diagnosis with metabolic
Adults should have around thirty to sixty minutes of physical activity four to six times a week. Two hours and thirty minutes is the minimum a fully developed person needs to lessen the risk of having some type of chronic disease later in life (“Information”).