Principles of Human Nutrition
This assignment is worth 30 points.
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1 of 30
Which of the following atoms is always found in a molecule of glucose?
2 of 30
Which of the following is a feature of an essential amino acid?
It is not necessary in the diet.
It must be supplied by the diet.
It can be made from fat in the body.
It can be made from glucose in the body.
3 of 30
Which of the following describes a process in protein synthesis?
The code to make a protein is carried by…show more content… it takes at least 6 months to document changes in muscle accretion.
the weight he has gained can be attributed to a substantial increase in his protein stores.
because muscle accretion only responds to very lean meat choices, he should eliminate the fatty bacon and steak from his diet to promote muscle gain.
23 of 30
When energy-yielding nutrients are consumed in excess, which one(s) can lead to storage of fat?
Fat and carbohydrate only
Fat, carbohydrate, and protein
24 of 30
In addition to energy, what are the principal end products of cellular oxidation of carbohydrates?
Water and carbon dioxide
Carbon, hydrogen, and urea
Indigestible fiber and nitrogen
Monosaccharides and amino acids
25 of 30
Which of the following is a characteristic of ketosis?
It may lead to a lowering of blood pH.
It leads to increased appetite in most individuals.
It may be alleviated quickly by ingestion of some dietary fat.
It is a necessary physiological adjustment for maximum weight loss.
26 of 30
Which of the following is a feature of the metabolism of surplus dietary fat?
Excess fat is almost all stored.
Excess fat promotes increased fat oxidation.
Excess fat spares breakdown of body proteins.
Conversion of excess fat to storage fat is inefficient.