3615 WordsDec 21, 201315 Pages
FUNCTIONAL STYLISTICS Functional stylistics is a branch of linguistics which studies functional varieties of the literary language determined by specific spheres and aims of communication. In modern society every person constantly finds himself in regularly recurring situations typical of the given culture, in which he has to play a definite social role, i.e. to behave according to norms accepted in the given society for such situations. One of the manifestations of a social role of a person is his speech behavior – specific ways of speech organization characteristic of definite spheres of communication. Whenever we use language, we choose language means in accordance with the social-linguistic situation which is…show more content…
Arnold introduces a somewhat abstract concept of neutral style (the unmarked member of stylistic opposition) and 2 groups of stylistically marked styles, colloquial and bookish: bookish styles: scientific; of official documents; oratorical; newspaper; neutral style; colloquial style: literary colloquial; familiar colloquial; low colloquial. One of controversial issues of functional stylistics is the problem of belles-lettres FS. Galperin recognizes this style and defines its function as aesthetic-cognitive. But it is precisely this function that places creative literature outside ordinary communication and makes it a variety of art – verbal art. The FSs arise from the practical needs of communication and their parameters cannot be applied to creative literature which is characterized by freedom of expression and which uses the resources of the whole national language including all the FSs for its specific, artistic purposes. THE OFFICIAL BUSINESS STYLE (officialese – infml, derog – the language of government officials, considered unnecessarily hard to understand –канцелярит). The aim of this style of communication is to achieve agreement between two contracting parties and to formulate their obligations and rights. These parties may be the state and the citizen, or citizen and citizen; 2 or more enterprises, 2 or more governments; a person in authority and a subordinate,etc. As a variety of the literary
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