In the article, “Facebook Use Predicts Declines in Subjective Well-Being in Young Adults”, research is conducted to understand the influence Facebook has on the well-being of its users. The two different components of subjective well being that is examined in the article is how people feel moment-to-moment and how satisfied they are with their lives. Online social networks are changing the way we talk, think, and feel about ourselves. Although it’s the world’s largest online social network, no research has been examined on the influence it has on the subjective well being of its users. Subjective well being is one of the most popular studied variables in the behavioral science sector. Not only is it about feeling good and satisfied with your life, but also, it has been proven to enhance health. But what does human health and Facebook have in common? The real question is “how does Facebook usage influence subjective well-being over time”?
Social media has become deeply embedded as a part of today’s American culture and lifestyles, changing the way people interact and communicate with one another. Americans use social media every day; to not only communicate, but to express themselves. These online media sites and blogs serve as entertainment for its users and give them a sense of a social life if they do not already have one. Some users become so obsessed with their online lives that they lose the ability to successfully communicate with people in real life. Their craving for the use of social media becomes an addiction to where they can spend countless hours on their social sites. Facebook, a popular social media cite, has been proven to cause Facebook Depression, a sickness in which a person is emotionally depressed and in self denial. Studies have shown that sites such as Facebook, are a direct link to an individual’s physical and emotional well being.
One area of concern for Facebook use is that of individuals struggling to create meaningful relationships and seeking Facebook to do so. It is true that Facebook is a great opportunity for those who may struggle with face to face interactions to develop a strong sense of self and identity formation through their Facebook profile. But what studies are showing is that those who may struggle in real life might not be well enough equipped to do so in the online realm either. A couple factors contributing to an individual’s inability or struggle with interpersonal relationships might be depression and/or low self esteem. Both of these factors are looked at in research studies to see if Facebook is a positive tool for this population.
This literature review is made to discuss the effects of social networking websites especially Facebook on people’s psychological Well-being. Since Facebook became the number one social networking website in the world and almost everyone use Facebook to communicate with people, we should know that people from the age of 18 to 25 are the ones usually glued to their Facebook accounts due to the fact that they care about their social status and knowing more about other people’s lives. Such an important website definitely has positive and negative effects on an individual’s well being which is why these effects should be studied.
The mission and vision statement of the Facebook indicates its objectives of creation that are to empower the people to stay connected. It is a social network which connects people globally. Every day thousands of new users are joining Facebook, statistics show that increase in usage of Facebook year by year,
Further research examined the negative effects of Facebook on an individual’s self-esteem. Kalpidou, Costin, and Morris revealed in their study that time spent on Facebook was negatively related to self-esteem (2011). College students who reported spending a lot of time on Facebook was revealed to have lower self-esteem. This research study came from the field of psychology and directly investigated the relationship between Facebook and self-esteem in undergraduate students. However, only one variable—time spent on Facebook—was used to explore a possible relationship with self-esteem. Multiple uses of Facebook and patterns of Facebook usage can be used to examine possible effects on self-esteem: forming and sustaining social connections, participation and involvement in groups of shared interests or organizations, frequency and depth of self-disclosure. Self-disclosure, specifically, can
New media has been easily made available everywhere and Facebook in particular as one of the world most popular social networking site (SNS) can be made accessible from desktops, laptops, smartphones and tablet because of this, almost everybody can have access to Facebook anywhere they go. For the most reason, due to the introduction of new media, Facebook plays a key role communication and staying in touch with families, friends, acquaintances, businesses, groups meetings and a whole lot of others. Moreover it has also been useful in growing markets and advertising mediums through big companies, brands and highly respectable top class businesses. New media as a broad topic can be defined as a “form of communication which transmits information through a medium that uses routers and servers via high-speed internet and involves materials been received via desktops, computers, tablets and smartphones”.
According to Dr. Douglas Kenrick, University of Arizona’s Social Psychology lecturer, Facebook is not bad but the usage of it is what paints an ugly picture. In the article above, emotional aspects seem to be most affected when one uses Facebook in comparing oneself with their peers, friends or relatives. Posts by the defined group outline the seven ways mentioned which are termed bad since it leads to mental health dysfunctions. The use of Facebook to follow others updates leads to a number of psychological hazards such as; gives one a feeling that their life is not neat as of others, one develops envy towards friends achievements, Facebook keeps touch with people who hurt before, it can disenfranchise marriage in the event of stalking. The emotional friction developed through the wrong use often leads to depression. If one can avoid using Facebook in a manner that they will not follow other people’s posts then they are less likely to get stressed up about others and to a great extent avoid mental complications such as depression. According to the study about 80% percent who use Facebook in following others updates with a lot of
Social media is the term that is used to refer to applications and websites that allow people to interact and stay connected (Nations, 2016). Although, the creation of social networking sites is relatively recent, it has rapidly become a prominent part of billions of people’s lives worldwide. For example, between 2012 and 2016 the number of monthly active Facebook users increased by 83% (Statista, 2016). As a result, investigating the effects of social media on people’s psychological wellbeing has become a popular area of research. However, the combination of findings from these studies are inconclusive as to whether social media has a negative or a positive impact on our psychological wellbeing and because social media is so widely used this is an important question to address. Huppert (2009) stated that “Psychological wellbeing is about lives going well. It is the combination of feeling good and functioning effectively” (p. 137). This essay will focus on Facebook, in particular, as it’s the most widely used social network and has over 1.5 billion monthly active users (Smith, 2016). It will discuss research that has investigated the effects of Facebook on life satisfaction, academic performance and psychiatric disorders which are all related to psychological wellbeing. It will conclude that research mostly suggests that social media, in particular Facebook, is harmful to our psychological wellbeing.
Facebook is addicting and people spend a majority of their time on that website hoping for a “like”, so when they don’t get the validation of a “like” they think no one likes them and get upset. Likewise, comparing other’s life to their own increases the negative thoughts running through one’s brain. On an article published on Forbes’s website, Alice G. Walton writes “It turned out that people who logged more Facebook time not only had more depressive symptoms, but that social comparison – in any direction – was the mediator, and for both sexes. In other words, it didn’t matter whether a person was making upward, downward, or neutral social comparison – they were all linked to a greater likelihood for depressive symptoms.” Also, as mentioned above, staying inside all day staring at a screen will negatively affect a person’s mental health. In a short article published in Time Magazine, journalist Alice Park writes “Scientists found that healthy teens who used the Internet obsessively--reporting that they felt moody or nervous when not online--were 2.5 times more likely to become depressed nine months later than less frequent surfers were.” (Park) This information shows that the internet is having a negative effect on the younger
Facebook is a social networking site that is free of charge for its users. It allows the individual the opportunity to stay connected with friends and family, sharing updates, photographs and user status. The company grosses more than $1 billion per quarter in advertising revenue and online games (Ritholtz, 2014). In this respect, Facebook is much more that a social network. It is a versatile and sophisticated corporation that has revolutionized the way people share their lives and communicate. Their mission is “to give people the power to share and make the world more open and connected. People use Facebook to stay connected with friends and family, to discover what’s going on in the
The advances of the Internet have transformed the way people live, behave, and think through the constant access of information and communication that it provides. The internet has reshaped other media outlets such as radio and television and also created new media or social networking sites. These social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram have popularized tremendously within the past decade. These sites offer different forms of interactivity, making it so users can connect with anyone publically. Reporting what you are thinking or doing throughout the day has become a social norm. It is our responsibility to question these new habits and norms to see if it can cause harm in any aspect of the users’ lives. Facebook is one of the most popular networking sites in the world and was the first social media site to reach 1 billion registered users. They still maintain a steady number of 1.7 billion monthly active users (Statista, 2016). Although there are many positive effects of Facebook, many researchers are concerned with possible consequences or negative psychological
A recent study, published in the Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, suggests the social networking giant Facebook is causing us to feel more lonely and depressed.
In this case, the study proved that teens and young adults have become obsessed with social networking and has led to many questions if networking is good or bad (Conger, 2010). In 2009, the media expressed that social networking could cause harm to our bodies and brains by “shortening our attention spans” and “weakening our immune systems” (Conger, 2010). Whereas other studies that have been conducted prove the opposite and suggests that teens who spend more time on social networking sites are more likely to be “well-adjusted” and “psychologically” healthy (Healy, 2010). At this point, it’s time to investigate the pros and cons of children being on social networking sites and understand why parents are against social networking and why certain individuals feel that networking is beneficial.
Facebook is currently largest social networking site in the world based on monthly unique visitors – attracting 130 million unique visitors every day (Alexa Inc. 2012). The site’s popularity exploded in 2007 and it bypassed its social networking rival, MySpace, in April 2008 (Phillips 2007). Over the last few years Facebook has impacted people’s social lives in various ways. With its availability on modern smart phones, Facebook enables users to continuously stay in touch with friends, relatives and peers wherever they are in the world as long as they have internet access. It can also group people together who share beliefs and interests and has been known to even reunite lost family members and friends through its enormous social reach