Facial Expressions

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A History on Universal Facial Expressions: The Works of Lamarck, Izard and Russell Kathleen Coyne-Boyles From the time of the ancient Greeks through to the modern age, understanding and interpreting man’s emotions and body language have been a source of both fasicnation and a point of intellectual debate. The ancient philosophers, such as Aristotle, proposed the idea that the face takes on varying appearances which are characteristic of each of the passions (or emotions) of humankind. The famous Greek masks of the theatre embody exaggerated facial expressions in order to dramatize the great joys and tragedies of human existence. Artists throughout history have worked to capture facial expression while philosophers have debated about…show more content…
In this way, the son inherits this soft characteristic and the facial expression becomes a feature of soft inheritance. In Use and Disuse Theory, adaptation in a species occurs because complex force drives organisms further up a ladder of increasing complexity. Then, environmental force adapts organisms to their local environment. Adaptation evolves by using some characteristics more than others based upon differing environments. Those characteristics not used or needed as much drop off and those needed to suit a particular environment are passed on. In some ways, the so-called Ghost of Lamarck left its impressions upon Darwin and sparked a debate among evolutionary theorists as to whether characteristics like facial expressions are socially learned skills which can be inherited by the next generation or if they are universal and slowly evolving, purely biologically programmed responses to basic human survival. Universality of Facial Expressions Darwinian thought holds that facial expressions are universal in nature and evolved in man alongside his basic struggle for survival. These facial expressions developed in order to protect and keep the species alive. One example would be that a tribe watches a woman take a bite out of a poisonous plant and observes her face as she shows disgust or pain. Watching this response, the tribe knows not to taste this plant because this facial expression has long been biologically ingrained
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