Facial Reconstructions

2008 Words May 31st, 2013 9 Pages
Forensic Facial Reconstructions
Samantha McAnally
CRMJ430
April 20, 2013

Abstract

This paper will focus mainly on the history and the various techniques that forensic facial reconstruction has to offer. It will also go over some problems or an issue that is process has faced over the years. The Daubert Standard will discuss and how facial reconstruction was allowed as evidence thru this standard. I will go over all the periods of time that facial reconstruction was used. Computerized and Clay reconstruction will be discussed and how they have help investigators solved current and cold case crimes.

Forensic Facial Reconstruction
Forensic facial reconstruction is the method of restoring the appearance of a person (whose
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Thru this processes a person that has gone missing as a child could possibly be located thru computerized techniques to morph a child’s picture into that they would look like as an adult. This is something that I am interested in pursuing as a possible career. I hope to learn all the techniques that crime scene investigators use to make forensic facial reconstruction an accountable tool in finding out that the victims are by only the skull. This type of forensic tool can be helpful in getting the victim’s family some closure. Facial reconstruction can also help police in closing cold cases that they may have.
History
Appearances The Eighteenth Century. Giulio Gaetano Zumbo, Abraham Chavet and Ercole Lelli’s were the artists responsible for creating the practice. They developed the different methods of creating an image of a potential victim by using clay. These artists can be credited with pioneering the theory behind facial reconstruction: that is, from the shape and proportions of the skull can be inferred how the muscles were attached and shaped, defining the parameters of the face; anatomical correctness was important, rather than an exact likeness (Verzé, 2009). If law enforcement found a body of an unknown person, there was, no way of telling whom the person was if the body was severely damaged or decomposed. Determining who a person was with an unidentified body could pose a major problem for law enforcement. The Nineteenth
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