Exercise 1: Cell Transport Mechanisms and Permeability: Activity 3: Simulating Osmotic Pressure Lab Report Pre-lab Quiz Results You scored 100% by answering 4 out of 4 questions correctly. 1. Which of the following is true of osmosis? You correctly answered: c. It is a type of diffusion. 2. Which of the following occurs when a hypertonic solution is added to cells? You correctly answered: d. The cells shrink. 3. The variable that affects osmotic pressure is You correctly answered: a. the concentration of nondiffusing solutes. 4. The net movement of water would be into the cell in a You correctly answered: b. hypotonic solution.
Blood pressure and water pressure (osmotic) are responsible for creating the movement of fluid across the capillary wall.
A very carefully regulated process is solute concentration. If there is a sudden increase in water which enters the extracellular fluid, sodium ions will then contribute less to the extracellular solute concentration as the ratio between water and solute has now changed. Osmolality is the amount of solute in a kilogram, hence the osmolality in the extracellular space has also decreased.
The difference is that along with large molecules, living cells prevent molecules with positive charges and solubility. This is not representing in dialysis tubing, and is only found in living cells because the tubing is only based on molecular size (98). When referring the rate of diffusion, the concentration gradient influences the diffusion rate, based on the factors of temperature. The ability for molecules diffuse from high to low concentrations primarily depends on the concentration gradient between the two areas.(96-99). My hypothesis for the study is that in the hypotonic, hypertonic, and isotonic solutions, the direction and rate of osmosis will determine based on the concentration inside the dialysis tubing. My prediction is that if the solution is hypotonic the results will decrease, if the solution is hypertonic the results will increase and if the solution is isotonic the solution will vary and or remain constant.
The cardiovascular system is a network of the heart, blood vessels and the blood. It circulates blood throughout the blood vessels in our body in order to provide individual cells with oxygen and nutrients, and help to dispose of metabolic waste. Capillaries, which are the smallest blood vessels, have extremely thin walls. This is so diffusion can happen more efficiently. Every cell has capillaries passing through very close so there is a shorter distance for diffusion to occur. During my experiment, it showed that the larger the agar cube, the more of remaining agar which was left to be diffused. It also showed that the smaller the agar cube, the less remaining agar was left to be diffused. The findings from my experiment prove that the smaller
As the lab introduction explains, osmosis is relatively permeable to water and will follow solutes. By instinct, the water will move from a more diluted solution to more of a concentrated solution. The products of the experiments concluded the physiological significance of osmosis by how cell membranes in the body are semipermeable meaning that only certain molecules can pass through it. When intracellular fluid and extracellular fluid are at equilibrium by non-penetrating and concentrated solutes, no net movement of water goes in and out of the cell. Furthermore, if the ECF changes in osmolality, then depending on the difference between the ECF and ICF will determine whether water moves in or out of the cell. This is important in the cell membrane as small differences in osmolarity correspond to large, rapid change in osmotic pressure, causing cells to gain or lose water. In sum, our body makes critical decisions in what molecules are allowed to penetrate the cell membrane and make sure that our red blood cells don’t cause any problems within the
Introduction All cells contain membranes that are selectively permeable, allowing certain things to pass into and leave out of the cell. The process in which molecules of a substance move from an area of high concentration to areas of low concentration is called Diffusion. Whereas Osmosis is the process in which water crosses membranes from regions of high water concentration to areas with low water concentration. While molecules in diffusion move down a concentration gradient, molecules during osmosis both move down a concentration gradient as well as across it. Both diffusion, and osmosis are types of passive transport, which do not require help.
On October 13, 2013, three Americans won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The three Americans who discovered and won a Nobel Prize are James E. Rothman who was 62 at the time and attended Yale University, Randy W. Schekman who was 64 at the time and attended the
Osmosis is described in one of three ways when comparing more than one solution. The cell’s external and internal environment helps determine tonicity, which is defined as how the cell reacts to its environment. When the cell’s environment is equal in osmolarity to itself and there is no change, it is considered an isotonic solution. When the environment has a higher osmolarity, shrinkage occurs and it is considered a hypertonic solution. When the environment has a lower osmolarity, swellings occurs and it is considered hypotonic.
Introduction The diffusion across a cell membrane is a process of passive and spontaneous net movement of small lipophilic molecules. The molecules move from a high concentration to a low concentrated region along the concentration gradient. The result being a point of equilibrium, this is where a random molecular motion continues but there is no longer any net movement. However, there are things that can affect the rate of diffusion, these being temperature, surface area, concentration, size of the molecule, permeability, diffusion distance and concentration difference. Osmosis is a type of diffusion as it is the movement of water molecules through a semipermeable membrane into a region of higher solute concentration. Equilibrium is reached when the solute concentration is equal on both sides. Water potential is measured in kiloPascals, it is the measuring of the concentration of free water molecules that are able to diffuse compared to pure water, which is 0 kilopascals. It is a measure of the tendency of free water molecules to diffuse from one place to another. The result being, the more free water molecules, the higher the Water Potential. However, Water potential is affected by two factors: pressure and the amount of solute.
* Osmosis: Osmosis is the movement of fluid from an area of lesser concentration to an area of greater concentration of solutes. Glucose is added to the dialysate and creates an osmotic gradient across the membrane, pulling excess fluid from the blood.
Diffusion and Osmosis Lab Report Introduction: Cells are always in motion, energy of motion known as kinetic energy. This kinetic energy causes the membranes in motion to bump into each other, causing the membranes to move in another direction – a direction from a higher concentration of the solution to a lower one. Membranes moving around leads to diffusion and osmosis. Diffusion is the random movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration, until they are equally distributed (Mader & Windelspecht, 2012, p. 50). Cells have a plasma membrane that separates the internal cell from the exterior environment. The plasma membrane is selectively permeable which allows certain solvents to pass through
Selamawit Irke Jacob Bio Lab 9/28/16 The Gradual increase in Concentration of Sucrose Change in Mass of the Potato Cores. Introduction Osmosis is a form of diffusion; water moves through a selective permeable from an area of its higher concentration to an area of a lower concentration. Also, this osmosis is directed by a solute concentration. In hypotonic solution, the cell gain water to dilute the concentration because the concentration of a substance is larger with in the cell. Whereas, hypertonic solution, the cell lose a water to increase the concentration of the substance because the concentration is larger in the solution than within the cell.
Objectives: To study the effects of hypotonic, hypertonic and isotonic solutions on plant and animal cells. Materials and Apparatus: * Microscope * Electronic balance * Stirring rod * Small knife * Glass slide and cover * 250, 500 ml beakers
There are several types of biofluids, with the most broad being extracellular and interstitial fluids. Interstitial fluids is the fluid that surrounds the cells and fills the gaps between them; this fluid also composes seventeen percent of our body weight. One of the most important body fluids is our blood. The average density of blood ranges from 1025-1125 kg/m3 and an average velocity of 11-13 cm/sec. Our blood carries out many functions with one of the most important ones being carrying oxygen (O2) from the lungs to the tissues and carbon dioxide (CO2) from the tissues to the lungs.