Factionalism in America Essay

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In discussing the problems surrounding the issue of factionalism in American society, James Madison concluded in Federalist #10, "The inference to which we are brought is that the causes of cannot be removed and that relief is only to be sought in the means of controlling its effects." (Federalist Papers 1999, 75) In many ways, the nature of American politics has revolved around this question since our country's birth. What is the relationship between parties and government? Should the party serve as an intermediary between the populace and government, and how should a government respond to disparate ideas espoused by the factions inherent to a free society. This paper will discuss the political evolution that has revolved around this …show more content…
They did fear, however, that their involvement in politics would lead to a "tyranny of the majority," in which the rights of Americans could be infringed upon by the will of a faction or majority. Therefore, a Federalist government would have to be removed or distant from the populace. The Federalists never foresaw that a strict two-party system would develop. Instead, they envisioned that members of government (even representative democracy was a novel idea) would come from different regions, and thus have vastly different interests. While some passions might prevail at times, no faction would be able to abuse power or infringe upon Constitutional rights due to the checks and balances placed within the system. Congressman would be elected by the people and Senators would be chosen by local government; this was how the government and society would forge a relationship. But even as the Federalist system was implemented and George Washington became the first President of the United States, a semblance of the first party would arise. Arguing that a Federal government could simply not protect local interests, and could even fall victim to demagoguery or dictatorship,

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