Factor to Consider When Selecting Instructional Method and Instructional Material

2639 Words Mar 26th, 2011 11 Pages
Introduction
Instructional materials are items that are designed to serve as major tool for assisting in the instruction of a subject or course. These items may be available in bound, unbound, kit or package form and may consist of hard backed or soft backed textbooks, consumables, learning laborites, slides, films and film strips, recording, manipulative and it’s commonly to accepted instructional tools. And instructional method it’s the same with teaching method this are defined as the principles and methods used instruction.
 The number of learners within the class are too many that the government expectations from their rules and regulations and we end up not having to know who is around or cheated.
 Our classrooms are very hot and
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Learning styles
Learning styles or cognitive styles are defined by Woolfok (1995: 126) as the different ways of learners of perceiving and organizing information. In fact, Gunter et al.(1995: 10) quote Fulghum saying: “we different from one another on the inside of our heads as we appear to be from one another on the outside of our heads”.
Hamachek (1995:259) distinguishes what he calls three basic learning styles, being:
a) Visual – people prefer to learn by reading new material.
b) Aural –these people believe they learn best by listening to lecturers, tapes or discussion;
c) Physical –people believe to learn best by doing or performing activities, like experiments for examples
Hamachek (1995:260) stresses the fact that the above mentioned are preferred learning styles and it does not mean that learners cannot benefit from any other way of learning than the one preferred by them.
Slavin (1998:312,313) and Woolfolk (1995:126,127) refer to another type of classification of learning styles, namely field dependent styles versus field independent styles. Learners who are field dependent tend to perceive a pattern as a whole and have difficulty in separating one element from the total visual field. Concerning schoolwork, they cannot easily focus on one aspect of a situation, pick out details or analyze patterns according to
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