Factors Affecting Community Policing

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CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND Community policing is a policing strategy and philosophy based on the notion that community interaction and support can help control crime and reduce fear, with community members helping to identify suspects, detain offenders, bring problems to the attention of police, or otherwise target the social problems which give rise to a crime problem in the first place. Community policing is a philosophy that promotes organizational strategies that support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques, which proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime The movement toward community policing has…show more content…
But Community Policing is proactive and preventive in nature. Community policing focuses on the fear of crime, the disorder, and the decay of neighborhoods. There is a strong commitment to the communities and they collaborate on problem solving methods. A department who implements Community policing will need the following extensive input from citizens on problems, priorities and policies. The entire department needs to realize that Community policing is a broad function, it is much more than law enforcement. Some of the elements of community policing are positive interaction, partnerships, and problem solving. a) Positive Interaction – Policing inevitably involves some negative contacts between officers and citizens – arrests, tickets, stops for suspicion, inability to make things much better for victims, etc. Community policing recognizes this fact and recommends that officers offset it as much as they can by engaging in positive interactions whenever possible. Positive interactions have several benefits, of course: they generally build familiarity, trust and confidence on both sides; they remind officers that most citizens respect and support them; they make the officer more knowledgeable about people and conditions in the beat; they provide specific information for criminal investigations and problem solving; and they break up the monotony of motorized patrol. Some methods for engaging in positive interaction include:  Meetings – officers can take
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