Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction (by the Employees)

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A Study on Organizational Culture and Its Relationship with Job Satisfaction in Manufacturing and Information Technology Sectors

Dr. Koteswara Rao, Dr. P.T.Srinivasan and S.George

Dr.P.K.Kotewara Rao is a senior executive in Southern Railway

Dr.P.T.Srinivasan, professor, Department of Management Studies, University of Madras

S.George, doctoral research scholar in Management, university of Madras


Organizational culture has a significant effect on how employees view their organizational responsibilities and their job satisfaction. With increasing globalization, a greater knowledge of organizational culture and its effect in non-western cultures can be beneficial for practicing leaders and decision makers. This study
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Mckinnon,et all, 2003) Antal, Dierkes and Hahner (1997) have observed the connection between corporate culture and the way firms perceive their environment in their research. To improve corporate performance, transformation of organizational culture to fit into the prevailing business environment is viewed as the utmost necessity (Peters and Waterman, 1982). Culture of a nation is directly related with its economy and particular kinds of culture more conducive for the economic success while others can be counter productive (Cartwright, 1999). For the effective functioning of an organization, its culture has to be in tune with national culture (Redding, 1992). Unlike many other countries the Indian subcontinent has the tremendous range of environmental regimes and supports a large range of human population and consist of a fascinating mosaic of varied castes and cultural traits (Joshi et all, 1993). Hierarchical relationship dominates in India (Sinha and Sinha, 1994). Indians find it easier to work in superior-subordinate roles rather than with equals ( Kotheri, 1970). A highly controlling superior is more successful in bringing out positive effect on subordinate performance and satisfaction in the organizations operating in India(Kakar, 1971).
In organizational behavioral research, job satisfaction is the most frequently studied variable (Appelbaum, Bailey, Berg, and Kalleberg 2000; Spector
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