Factors Affecting The Deficiency Of Vitamin

1071 Words Feb 17th, 2015 5 Pages
Vitamin A (VA) is an essential nutrient which is needed in small amounts for the normal functioning of the visual system, growth and development, immune function and reproduction. Severe deficiency of VA is known to produce corneal xerophthalmia, keratomalacia and blindness in children and it is mainly seen amongst the young children, because they have high requirements due to increased physical growth and have low dietary intake. India has the highest prevalence of clinical and subclinical VA deficiency among South Asian countries. Poverty, culture and nutrition education are the major contributing factors for this vitamin deficiency. In this paper, I would like to discuss those factors that are affecting the deficiency of Vitamin A in India.
Poverty is the major cause for the maximum diseases in India. The high population growth rate is one of the major reasons of poverty in India. Malnutrition seems to be more common in poor or low income population, because they are with limited resources and lack of access to all possible healthy, affordable and quality foods which are rich in essential nutrients. Although there is no shortage of food production in India, still has the highest percentage of underweight children under five. According to the Global Hunger Index Report 2012 by the International Food Research Institute, India ranks 65 in hunger. Children and pregnant women are more likely to suffer from VA deficiency in India, because of their economic situation. In rural…
Open Document