Factors Affecting The Electoral Elections Of Zimbabwe And South Africa
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There are several factors affecting declining electoral turnout in Zimbabwe and South Africa. After just twenty years of attainment of national independence from United Kingdom, in the year 2000, Zimbabwe experienced what can only be termed a major setback in its transition to democracy. Without threat of defeat from opposition parties, the ruling party ZANU PF had enjoyed dominance in Zimbabwe, where they enjoyed victory after victory in elections. Zimbabwe Parliamentary Elections of 2000 saw ZANU PF face formidable opposition from the newly formed Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). However, according to independent observers, extensive electoral fraud and voter intimidation occurred during this election and ultimately, the MDC won 57…show more content… South Africa has had overwhelming victories for the ruling party ANC since 1994 when they first gained freedom from the apartheid regime. According to SA institute of Race Relations (SAIRR) since 2009 most South did not participate in vote in national elections because even if they don’t vote things would stay the same no matter who wins the election while some say they no longer see any party that is worth voting for. Most people just don’t care about going to vote because culturally they think it is ‘other’ people who should vote, and not them. They feel that voting is not important in their lives as it always seems unable change their lives whatever the outcome of the elections. (2) There are cases of street vendors who have advanced the explanation that they don’t have time to go and queue even if they want to vote, as that may mean possible loss of prospective revenue. (3) Disenchantment. Most people are just disenchanted with voting especially in Zimbabwe where people have observed electoral fraud taking place in front of them and the same ‘bad’ people winning the elections. There is also a large population in the Diaspora who unable to vote as the Zimbabwe constitution does not provide for foreign voting which would allow citizens who are outside to be able to vote from outside Zimbabwe.
South Africa Survey found that the proportion of South Africans who did not vote in national and provincial elections increased from 14% in 1994