Factors Causing Gender Inequity

609 WordsFeb 23, 20182 Pages
The gender gap has been a concern for decades, it used to be that females lagged behind males when it came to academic achievement. Females now outperform males academically and are more likely to obtain college degrees and enroll in graduate school despite the gender inequalities that remain in American society. The underachievement of females has diminished if not vanished due to the focus of the United States for the past 30 years to close the gender achievement gap. Yet, the concern in the most recent years has been both the lower performance of girls in mathematics and science and now males’ underperformance in most academic areas (Del Rio & Strasser, 2012). Why is it that despite that females and males attend the same educational environment, males are having a hard time keeping up and females continue to be less likely to take advanced math or science classes or enroll in science and math related careers? There are several factors that cause gender inequity and have caused the gender achievement gap to grow. Factors such as society, culture, and students’ beliefs and attitudes about learning. As members of a society we value certain rules, customs, and values and we learn to follow our society’s rules, customs and values. This is called socialization and part of this socialization includes gender roles. As a society we have learned that males and females have different roles and we expect them to act differently depending on their gender. Children learn at a
Open Document