Factors Contributing Risk Factors For Diabetes Mellitus

802 WordsFeb 27, 20154 Pages
Introduction Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is an endocrinal disease characterized by elevated blood glucose level, diagnosed by laboratory blood analysis with random glucose level >200mg/dL and fasting blood glucose of ≥126mg/dL.1 Risk factors The risk factors of T2DM are mainly attributed to the lifestyles and behavioral factors. Although the etiology cannot be pinpointed on a single cause it is proved that obesity, socioeconomic conditions and genetic factors increase the risk of T2DM. (Cite) Modifiable risk factors: The modifiable risk factors for diabetes mellitus are obesity, lack of physical activity, unhealthy eating habits and social and economic condition. In people with Body Mass Index >35 there is an increased risk of T2DM.2 Obesity is the most significant modifiable risk factor for T2DM.3 It is a complex risk factor as it is associated with the behavioral factors and socio-economical circumstances that in turn influence the underlying behavioral problem leading to weight gain. Other modifiable risk factors: Several other health behaviors like sedentary lifestyle, physical inactivity; eating disorders, metabolic disorder set in a vicious cycle leading to increased BMI thus increased risk for T2DM. (ref) Metabolic Disorder: Metabolic disorder is considered a precursor for T2DM. It is associated with lower metabolic activity that decreases food breakdown and increase fat build up. A study conducted to understand the association between metabolic disorder
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