Factors In India And Colonialism : Imperialism In Africa And India

1019 Words5 Pages
Russell Boon
Professor Reed
Imperialism in Africa and India
Societies have sought to dominate the weaker neighbors as long ago as ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt all the way through to the present. Motivations have been similar, to obtain natural resources, to subdue enemies, and to gain wealth. European nations set out to build empires all over the world, like none that had been seen before, with the combination of sea power, centralized governments, and industrialized economies. They were driven by the need to provide raw materials for their industrial capacity and the types of goods exchanged were determined by that need.
Europeans began building their empires in the western hemisphere in the early 1500’s, but by the 1800’s, Spain and Portugal were no longer powerful countries and the largest British colony had become the United States. Britain, France, Germany, Russia, and the Netherlands continued to colonize during this era, but they also devised other ways to spread their empires. In the late 19th century Japan and the United States joined the European nations as an imperialist power.
Types of imperialism in the 1800’s included: Colonial imperialism, which was an imperialism that is a virtual complete takeover of an area, with domination in all aspects: economic, political, and socio-cultural. The subjugated area existed to benefit the imperialist power, and had almost no independence of action. Economic imperialism was a form of

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