Factors Influencing The Attachment Risk Model

896 Words4 Pages
In American culture, there is a strong importance placed on the primacy of early experience. Researchers state that during the critical period, zero to two, a child becomes either securely or insecurely attached based on maternal sensitivity, which therefore predicts long-term adverse behavioral outcomes. This analysis sets up and evaluates the attachment risk model. The attachment risk model is a single factor main effect model. The unit of analysis of the model is twofold. From the time of the child’s birth until two years of age, the unit of analysis is the mother and after two years, the child becomes the unit. The cause is seen as maternal sensitivity during the critical period. After the critical period, the cause becomes endogenous, or within the child’s foundation. The outcomes are first seen in the child’s behavior at time one. There are four behaviors that are observed: separation anxiety, stranger anxiety, exploration, and reunion behavior. These behaviors are measured by what Mary Ainsworth called the “Strange Situation,” which produces four different groups. Group A is the “avoidant and insecure” group. These children are unable to self soothe when their mother leaves, displaying strong separation anxiety. However, they avoid her when she returns. Group B children are “securely” attached. Group C children are “resistant” or “insecure and infirm.” They are unable to self soothe. Group D children are “dazed and disorganized,” displaying an inability to self soothe
Open Document