Factors That Affect Soil Development

1462 WordsSep 14, 20156 Pages
Factors Affecting Soil Development Studies on the research of soil have shown that the profile of soils is influenced by five factors interacting with each there. These are: parent material, climate, topography, organisms, and time. Parent material: This refers to the mineral material, or organic material from which the soil is formed. Soils will carry the characteristics of its parent material such as their color, texture, structure, mineral composition and so on. For example, if soils are formed from an area with large rocks (parent rocks) of red sandstone, the soils will also be red in color and have the same feel as its parent material. Time: A lot of activities do not take place instantly especially when talking in terms of geology. Soil is an example. Soils can take lot of years to form. Younger soils have some characteristics from their parent material, but as they age, the addition of organic matter, exposure to moisture and other environmental factors may result in some changes in its features. With time, they settle and are buried deeper below the surface, taking time to transform. Eventually they may change from one soil type to another. This settling of soil and its transformation can be seen in its profile. Climate: This is probably the most important factor that can shape the formation of soils. In talking about this parameter, two very important climatic components come into play. These are temperature and precipitation. These factors determine to a
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