Factors That Contribute Team Cohesion

1448 Words Mar 14th, 2016 6 Pages
Using a psychological lens, this paper will outline the four factors that contribute to overall team cohesion. The four primary factors that will be discussed throughout this paper are: personal, environmental, team and leadership factors. It will address the most important characteristics of a successful team looking at both micro and macro level determinants. This paper will highlight the skills and strategies needed to enhance team cohesion.
Introduction
In order to be successful in team sports, group cohesion is one of the most important variables that is required (Lott & Lott, 1965). Cohesion, defined by Bert Carron, Larry Brawley and Neil Widmeyer, is “the dynamic process which is reflected in the tendency for a group to stick together and remain united in the pursuit of its instrumental objectives and/or for the satisfaction of member self needs” (Carron et al., 1998). Teams and groups are dynamic, constantly changing, and the extent of cohesiveness a group has will ultimately determine the level of success they will have (Building a Cohesive Team, 2012). In order to be successful, the team has to have a final goal and each team member has to know their role within the team.
Cohesion in sports is directly affected by four different correlates; environmental, leadership, personal and team correlates (Carron & Eys, 2012). All of these aspects are mediators for team cohesion and can positively or negatively affect the other factors. For example, if leadership is poor…
Open Document