Factors That Increase Amylase Up The Recommended Infusion Rate

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amine does not reach the recommended infusion rate. Mion and colleagues suggest to increase ketamine up to a ratio of 1:3, arguing that in their experience psychomimetic secondary effects does not appear (sedation). Nevertheless, in the pediatric setting, psychodysleptic effects can appear even with standard ratio.
Cochrane review showed reduced postoperative morphine requirements and opioid side effects (PONV)(RF., JB. et al. 2006).

23.4.2.4 CLONIDINE / DEXMEDETOMIDINE
23.4.2.5 SUCROSE
Sucrose 24% is known to trigger release of endorphins that contribute to pain control, however prolonged sucrose administration is a growing field of research(Holsti and Grunau 2010), showing potential deleterious neuro-developmental and long-term
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60 mg/kg/day
IV Paracetamol (propacetamol) Neonates term
Infants and children 7,5 mg/kg q6H
12,5 mg/kg q6H 30 mg/kg/day max 3,75 g/day
Ibuprofen PO/PR children
PO neonates term * 5-10 mg/kg q6-8H
5 mg/kg q12-24H <40 mg/kg/day
<30 mg/kg
Ketorolac IV children * 0,5 mg/kg q6-8H <2 mg/kg/day
<5 consecutives days
Magnesium
Sucrose PO
Preterm neonates
Term neonates 24% solution:
0,5 ml
1 ml Doses shouldn’t exceed 10/day

* should be used cautiously < 6 months of age and reassessed daily
23.4.2.6 LOCAL ANESTHETICS INFUSION
No pediatric data except case report of a terminal child successfully treated (MASSEY GV. 2002. J Ped Hematol Oncol)

23.4.3 REGIONAL ANESTHESIA
2014. MESSERER B. Regionalanästhesiologische Verfahren im Kindesalter (oesterreich guideliness).pdf

2013. BLATTER JA. Perioperative respiratory management of pediatric patients with neuromuscular disease (PRO regional is less risk Opioids Side Effects)

2011. MCGREEVY K. Preventing chronic pain following acute pain - risk factors, preventive strategies and their efficacy – OIRD

2011. Lonquvist PA. strong evidence to use LRA in the ambulatory context, however needs further studies to compare between blocks and best combination of oral analgesics. Role increasing use of ultrasound-guided peripheral single shot blocks and the use of continuous peripheral catheters in order to extend analgesia after the return home.
Regional anaesthesia offers several advantages of decreasing systemic
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