Factors That Make Up Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

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Repetitive thoughts, desires, or impulses that are unwelcome and provide anxiety or distress are considered an obsession. While repetitive unwanted behaviors are a compulsion. Together these two words are contributing factors that make up Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The American Psychiatric Association constitutes “OCD as an anxiety disorder in which people have recurring, unwanted thoughts, ideas or sensations (obsessions) that make them feel driven to do something repetitively (compulsions)” (Dougherty, Wilhelm, & Jenike, 2014, p. 432). In action the thought is “my mother might die, if I do not flip the light switch ten times” whereas the behavior is the actual flipping of the light switch up and down ten times to eliminate the…show more content…
Likelihood TAF and Moral TAF generate a cohesive connection between thought and action (Thompson-Hollands, Farchione, & Barlow, 2013, p. 408). In most cases OCD is treated through Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, exposure and response prevention, and/or with the use of medications. Exposure is repeatedly exposing the subject to a trigger of obsession. If a person is afraid of getting sick, they would expose themselves by sitting in a hospital. Response prevention is asking the patient to refuse contributing to their compulsive behavior. The behavior they perform is to reduce rising anxiety levels, but while participating in ERP the patient will experience levels of anxiety while facing the fear. In the hospital situation, the patient would have to refuse leaving or excessive handwashing. Since OCD habits are usually created out of anxiety or distress the use of anti-anxiety medications are commonly used to suppress anxiety. Without the anxiety, the need for a compulsive behavior is not as strong. Cognitive treatment was formed to redirect misrepresented cognitions that might persist having not been considered or dealt with while under behavioral treatment (Whittal, Thordarson, & McLean, 2004, p. 1560). Undergoing cognitive treatment is an alternative to ERP as anxiety levels are lower with less trigger provoking methods. To compare Cognitive Behavioral Therapy against Exposure-Response Prevention, Whittal

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