Factors for Developing Theory

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Running Head: WHEN SELF-CARE IS SHORT OR LOST Education, Factors for Developing Theory Dorothea F. Orem was born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1914 (Weir, 2007). She studied at the Providence Hospital School of Nursing in Washington DC and the Catholic University of America. Her original idea evolved when she worked as a nurse-consultant at the Indiana State Board of Health between 1949 and 1957. During her travels, she observed nurses' ability to do nursing and their inability to talk about it (Weir). While she worked on the initial ideas of her theory, the mass media pictured nursing as a respected profession but only in a limited scale (Bruce et al, 2008). At a larger scale, it was not given a respectable image. In the early 60s, nurses were viewed as mere subordinates of physicians in movies and on television. Physicians behaved towards them condescendingly. It was only in 1962 that a revolutionary TV show, a medical drama, which depicted nurses in a more positive way. She then began to be portrayed as an objective, articulate, and disciplined professional who observed high standards. From thereon, the nurse's image changed from a servile subordinate. She no longer had to wait for the physician to arrive and give her orders. She right away determined the problem of the patient and sought and applied the solution. A positive image was established for her (Bruce et al). From continued observation and inquiries, Orem formed her first ideas about nursing and further
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