Factors of Food Insecurity

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Food Insecurity is defined as access by all people at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life, and at a minimum includes the following: the ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods and the assured ability to acquire personally acceptable foods in a socially acceptable way, qualified by their involuntariness and periodicity. Even though food insecurity affects everyone in the household, it may also affect them differently. Food insecurity mostly exists whenever food security is limited. Uncertain or limited availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods results chronic diseases psychological, and suicidal syndrome (Cook & Frank, 2008)
Food insecurity is one of the leading public health challenges in the United States today, since millions of people (children and adults) are food insecure because of insufficient money income and other socioeconomic and demographic factors. (Seligman, Kushel, & Laraia, 2010)
Some of these low food security problems are based on the fact a household responses to inadequate food supplies including reduced food intake and alterations in types of food served. Dietary variety decreases and consumption of energy dense foods increases. These energy dense foods, includes refined grains, added sugars, and added saturated/trans fats. These foods tend to be of poor nutritional quality but less expensive when it comes to calories than alternatives. These diet results in negatives mental behaviors and as well as the

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