Factors that Shaped the Invention and Development of Television in the UK Up to 1939

1753 Words Jul 14th, 2018 8 Pages
Factors that Shaped the Invention and Development of Television in the UK Up to 1939

In this essay I intend to discuss the factors that shaped the invention and development of television in the UK up to 1939; these include the social, cultural, political and scientific factors that took place as well as the many technological changes. I will then conclude by determining the most important aspects of its development.

Technological developments ==========================

The essence of the television began in the early nineteenth century with the development of the telephone and the telegraph. These communication devices can be seen as a more technical version to the way Native American
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During the early 1930’s a rivalry erupted between a new broadcasting company, EMI (Electrical and Musical Industries Ltd) and Baird’s company (Baird Television Ltd), and so the Selsdon Committee was founded by the British Government to settle the dispute. This committee decided that it would be the BBC who would regulate between broadcasters and would use a transmission scanning system of 240 lines. In November 1936 regular television broadcasts began and with the more efficient broadcasts of EMI (using scanning of 240 lines), as opposed to Baird Television Ltd (using only scanning of 120 lines), EMI became the dominant leader of the two.

By the year 1938 five thousand television sets had been sold and in a period of one year this grew to eighteen thousand. Still, on a national scale, this was only showing the small interest in purchasing a television set and was due to the high price of manufacture as well as its high purchase price. The weak transmissions were also initially accountable for the lack of interest as not many areas of the U.K. were able to receive the signal- what was the point in purchasing a set when it couldn’t be watched anyway?

The television might have taken on an entirely different form. Akin to the telephone it could have been used as a two-way device and showing images of both of its users at either
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