Factors that contributed to the origin and development of cities.

1848 WordsMay 2, 20068 Pages
Introduction In many forms of settlements the status of the cities have been determined by factors and various other influences; these are known as urban form determinants. There are three different sources of determinants. Firstly, are the geographical 'natural world' determinants. These include the climate, topography and the availability of construction materials. The second are known as 'man made' determinants which are comprised of many things such as economic, political, religious, defence. Thirdly are 'location' determinants, which make up organic growth settlements and planned urban settlements (Morris[1], 1994) As discussed,'Natural world' determinants are made up of topography, climate and construction materials. These…show more content…
The easy accessibility made it economically viable because it eliminated transportation costs if the materials were locally and geographically available (Morris[1], 1994) There are many 'man made' determinants, but only economic, political, religious and defence will be discussed. The number of 'man made' determinants has been increasing and continues to do so. This determinant was, as the name suggests, brought about by man. These determinants have played a major role in the urban formation and growth of settlements. These mainly contributed to the development of cities (Morris[1], 1994) An economic factor in a city is a market place that is central for people to access, also the making and selling of goods occur here(Morris[1], 1994). People would barter with goods in order to obtain different basic essentials required for daily living. In some medieval towns the entire city was a market place or place of trade (Morris[2], Grant, Isenman, Martell, McRae, Malam, Pollard, 2001). An example of a economy with such a settlement is that of Jericho. Though the economy of Jericho was based primarily upon the farming of wheat and barley, there is considerable evidence of reliance on both hunting and trade. Domesticated goats provided meat and milk, while gazelles and various marsh birds were hunted for their flesh, hides, and feathers. The town was close to large supplies of salt, sulfur, and
Open Document