Facts About Hypertension: The Silent Killer

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Hypertension is currently a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke, which are leading causes of death in the United States. It is estimated that by 2025, 1.56 billion adults will be living with hypertension. Hypertension affects nearly 1 in 3 adults, which is 67 million people. Hypertension is also known as the silent killer because individuals do not have warning signs or symptoms. There are about 36 million adults with high blood pressure who do not take preventative measures to control it. Children are also being affected by hypertension. An estimated 3% of children suffer from this condition, which is a risk factor for obesity and sleep apnea. Hypertension can be reduced by taking basic preventative measures like changing one’s eating diet, exercising daily and by taking medication if other preexisting conditions exist. However, new approaches of effective early prevention needs to be implemented through policies and curriculum in order for people to be educated and influenced to apply the techniques to their daily life.
Blood pressure is measured by a mechanical tool called the sphygmomanometer. The sphygmomanometer is a device that consists of an inflatable cuff that works mechanically or electronically to restrict blood flow and a mercury scale or digital monometer to calculate the amount of blood flow through the body. The device was invented by Siegfried Karl Ritter von Basch in 1896. It was later modernized by Harvey Crushing in 1901. When a health
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