85 years ago, over a 12 year period, nearly six million Jews were killed in a genocide called The Holocaust. The Holocaust was led by the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler was their leader. The mass murders took place at concentration camps throughout Europe. The majority of concentration camps resided in Poland and Germany. Many people believe there were only a few concentration camps. “However, researchers found that the Nazis had actually established 20,000 camps between 1933 and 1945” (“How Many Camps,” n.d.). In this paper I will be discussing the largest concentration camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Auschwitz concentration camp, also known as Auschwitz- Birkenau, was Nazi Germany’s largest concentration camp (Berenbaum, Auschwitz). The camp was created because Hitler became “convinced that his “Jewish problem” would be solved only with the elimination of every Jew in his domain, along with artists, educators, Gypsies, communists, homosexuals, the mentally and physically handicapped and others deemed unfit for survival in Nazi Germany” (Auschwitz, History.com). Auschwitz was located in southern Poland near the industrial town of Oswiecim (Berenbaum, Auschwitz). Hitler’s team was known as the Secret Service (SS), which included soldiers who patrolled the streets and the men who ran the camps (Uwe Boll, Auschwitz). Auschwitz consisted of
The words inscribed above the Auschwitz concentration camp read; "Arbeit Macht Frei,” meaning, “work brings freedom.” These deceiving words gave unsuspecting prisoners hope that they could get out of the most destructive concentration camp during the entire Holocaust. This concentration camp would kill over one million people. Auschwitz will be fully analyzed, starting with the early stages of Auschwitz, then the Jews and the horrors of Auschwitz, and finally the final days of Auschwitz. The events that took place at Auschwitz concentration camp were horrifying and led to the death of millions.
Auschwitz was three camps in one, torturing human beings because they weren’t like everybody else. Auschwitz affected history and it’s people. It affected the people’s families who died, the people who helped Hitler and his cause, and where the camp was placed affected history.
Auschwitz was one of the most infamous and largest concentration camp known during World War II. It was located in the southwestern part of Poland commanded by Rudolf Höss. Auschwitz was first opened on June 14, 1940, much later than most of the other camps. It was in Auschwitz that the lives of so many were taken by methods of the gas chamber, crematoriums, and even from starvation and disease. These methods took "several hundreds and sometimes more than a thousand" lives a day. The majority of the lives killed were those of Jews although Gypsies, Yugoslavs, Poles, and many others of different ethnic backgrounds as well. The things most known about Auschwitz are the process people went through when entering the camp and
There were more than 40,000 concentration camps during the Holocaust. One of the worst and most destructive camp was Auschwitz, which was located in southern Poland (“Gilbert” 1). It contained three camps that were all known as Auschwitz. Auschwitz was a death camp and a concentration camp that claimed the lives of thousands. Survivors say that when the doors first open on the boxcar at Auschwitz there was an orchestra playing, this was to trick the prisoners into thinking there were somewhere better (“The Death Camps” 21). Physician Gisella Perl described the overall picture of Auschwitz she received when she first arrived as “Like big, black clouds, the smoke of the crematory hung over the camp. Sharp red tongues of flame licked the sky,
In Auschwitz-Birkenau, prisoners were provided rations of food ("Auschwitz-Birkenau: Living Conditions, Labor and Executions"). Jews were given three meals every day; one in the morning, noon and at night ("Auschwitz-Birkenau: Living Conditions, Labor and Executions"). Prisoners who did little work received 1,300 calories and those who did handfuls received 1,700 calories of what was served ("Auschwitz-Birkenau: Living Conditions, Labor and Executions"). They worked tediously for ten or more hours daily. If not at work, their time was prioritized in roll call assemblies, getting in line for food or removing dirt/pests from their own clothing ("Auschwitz-Birkenau: Living Conditions, Labor and
This site has many different facts about the Holocaust and the questions that were asked about it. The site has topic titled: Jews and Judaism, question about the Holocaust, how the Holocaust took place, The Nazis, the Holocaust and Muslims, Jews, Muslims and Christians, and The Holocaust Denial. Anti-Semitism is a synonym for the hatred of Jews and anti-Semitic means anti-Jewish. The “Final Solution” refers to the German’s plan to murder all of the Jews in Europe. This term was Used at the Wannsee Conference, which was held in Berlin Germany January 20, 1942, which German officials debated its implementation. The German Nazis used this term, the “Final Solution”, to hide the plan that the Germans were to kill all the Jews in Europe. The Germans
Throughout the lives of the Human Race, there is one goal, survival. Some don’t succeed and some of us are lucky and do survive. One perfect example is Auschwitz. In this snake pit, the struggle for survival becomes so real for so many innocent people. It helps anyone who studies the Holocaust have a sense of how precious life. In the true book, Auschwitz: True Tales from a Grotesque Land by Sara Nomber-Przytyk, I will discuss two subjects the book, the terrible pains of Auschwitz, finding beauty in the worst of places, and I will also talk about why I personally chose this book to read.
Auschwitz was first constructed to hold Polish Prisoners, which started in May 1940. Later trains delivered Jews to the camp’s Gas Chambers from all over Germany, they were killed with pesticide Zyklon B, Many of the people not killed in the gas chambers were killed by, starvation, forced labor, infectious diseases, individual executions, and medical experiments. Around 1.1 million prisoners died in Auschwitz and about 90% of the prisoners were Jews, the other percent was Poles, Romani, Sinti, Soviet Prisoners of war, Jehovah’s witnesses,and many other of unknown people. One Hundred Forty-Four prisoners were known to have escaped Auschwitz successfully. On January 1945 Soviet Union's showed up at Auschwitz and most of the population was evacuated
The Holocaust was one of the most horrifying crimes against humanity. "Hitler, in an attempt to establish the pure Aryan race, decided that Jews, Poles, Soviet prisoners of war, Roma (Gypsies), and homosexuals amongst others were to be eliminated from the German population. One of his main methods of exterminating these “undesirables” was through the use of concentration and death camps. In January of 1941, Adolf Hitler and his top officials decided to make their “final solution” a reality. Their goal was to eliminate the Jews and the “impure” from the entire German population. Auschwitz was not only the largest concentration camp that carried out Hitler's “final solution,” but it was also
What was Auschwitz and it’s significance in World War 2? Auschwitz was a concentration camp located near the town of Oswiecim, Poland. The Nazis operated Auschwitz during 1940 through 1945. The purpose of Auschwitz was to perform work by the Jewish people and Political Prisoners, until they were no longer able to work. In 1941 the camp started to exterminate Jews and Political prisoners.
The events that took place at Auschwitz-Birkenau are quite notably the most gruesome and demoralizing in the history of WWII, along with events corresponding in other Nazi labour camps at the time. The camp truly left a significant mark on its victims and historians alike. But what really happened at Auschwitz? What type of resistance, if any, occurred inside the camp? Why was the reaction to its liberation so dismal? And the question on everyone’s minds, what was life like inside the camp?
When the prisoners first arrived, they had their belongings taken away, head shaved, sprayed with disinfectants and were tattooed with a number on their left arm. The Jew specifically had yellow uniform to distinguish them from the rest. The living conditions were very harsh and extreme but it depended on what camp they were in. One of the most highly recognisable camp, was the on situated in Auschwitz, this camp especially, was filled with diseases and epidemics due to appalling living conditions. For example, the prisoners lived in several hundred three-tier wooden bunk beds in old barracks, due to an overcrowding within the basements and lofts. Over 700 people were assigned to each barrack and it has no sanitary facilities. The poor living