Facts and Myths of Suicide in Canada and the U.S. (Article Critique)

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Suicide is the intentional act of killing oneself. Typically individuals who commit suicide act out of despair. Common suicide triggers are mental disorders such as depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and alcoholism and drug abuse. Personal issues such as financial problems or poor interpersonal relationships play a significant role in the cause of suicide (Gross, 2006).In the U.S suicide is the 6th cause of death. Suicide is also the leading cause of death among teenagers and young adults, more men commit suicide than women (Gelder et al, 2005).Leenar and Lester article mention important information about the general knowledge about suicide in college students. However relevant information is missing. Euthanasia or …show more content…
People with a history of this behavior are 23 times more likely to end their lives, compare to those who don’t participate in such activities (Shaffer, D 1988). When a person attempt suicide unsuccessfully, in a desperate act to have others attention, is called a Suicidal Gesture. In this case, usually the individual use a non-lethal method to harm his/her self, that show clear signs of the attempt or make a potential lethal method with the knowledge or consideration that she/he will be rescued or prevented from dying. There are other circumstances in which a person who truly wishes to end his/her life may fail, due to the lack of knowledge about the action, refuse to use methods that may cause permanent damage if they fail or the fear of harming others, those type of cases are call suicidal attempts. Is difficult to distinguish between a suicidal attempt and a suicidal gesture, because often individuals in a suicidal state experience a conflict over whether they truly wish to end their lives. One approach assume that a strong intention to end one’s life will be successful, considering all suicide failures to be suicidal gestures, but this does not explain why so many people who fail completing suicide end up whit severe permanent and undesirable injuries. Is possible that some times those who intend to do a suicidal gesture end up ending their lives by accident, underestimating the power of the elected

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