Failure Of Congestive Heart Failure

1262 WordsApr 30, 20166 Pages
Introduction Almost every one in the United States knows a person suffering from congestive heart failure. This disease has manifested its way into the lives of so many—the statistics are astounding. According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, nearly 5 million people are affected and it is the main reason for hospital admission in older adults over the age of 65. This is a great cause for concern. In order to reduce the morbidity and control this epidemic, we must first understand the risks and causes of this condition. It is of the upmost importance to first understand the risks and causes of this condition. Education plays a key role in order to recognize the clinical manifestations and necessary actions to best treat and prevent congestive heart failure before the patient’s prognosis is poor. Pathophysiology Congestive heart failure occurs when a part of the heart is unable to efficiently keep up a sufficient cardiac output to supply blood to the lungs or the entire body. The heart either becomes too weak or too stiff. Many times, heart failure is the result of another medical problem including valvular dysfunction, hypertension, renal dysfunction, heart disease, ischemia, myocardial infarctions, coronary artery disease, obesity, alcohol use, drug use and other heart problems. The Mayo Clinic states that risk of heart failure are also increased in people over the age of 65, African Americans and insulin dependent diabetics. Heart failure can be

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