Failure of the American Dream in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby

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Everyone has an ideal vision of what he or she wants out of life. In a perfect world, everyone would die happy having achieved every goal ever set. A perfect world does not exist. Fitzgerald knows this, and he chronicles the life of Gatsby. Gatsby deeply desires to live out the “American dream.” He wants fame, riches, parties, mansions, but most of all love. Gatsby succeeds in every area except the most important. Gatsby still feels a desire to fulfill his final dream of finding a true love. Not willing to settle for an arbitrary love, Gatsby sets his sights on a young woman named Daisy. The problem is that Gatsby can never have Daisy because she is already in a relationship with another man. Gatsby, still wanting Daisy’s love but …show more content…
Gatsby no longer has to rely on himself for pleasure. He fills his house "full of interesting people who do interesting things" (96). Gatsby's pursuit of wealth becomes so intense that it gets in the way of his dream. After a while, he becomes accustomed to this lifestyle, and money and immediate pleasures become more important than being with Daisy. Because of this, Gatsby's dream is doomed to failure.

By throwing these high-class parties, Gatsby is surrounded by other high-class people. Their relationships are social standings based on labels of society rather than love between two people. A woman named Catherine attends Jay Gatsby's parties and notices the unhappiness of the couples around her. She is a friend of Daisy's and comments on Daisy's marriage, "Neither of them can stand the person they're married to" (37). She married for convenience and for money rather for love. Their marriage has become very weak and Gatsby sees it when "Daisy had told Gatsby that she loved him, and Tom Buchanan saw" (125). Gatsby sees the way that Daisy doesn't love Tom anymore. Yet, while he feels he has been in that position before, he accepts the fact that marriage rarely represents true love. He ignores true happiness because his wealth has become his family, and he now relies on money rather than family to bring comfort and security to