Faith and Reason Essay

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Faith and Reason Faith and reason can be viewed as opposites. Faith is an element of belief, something an individual does not necessarily require a reason for accepting without reason. For example, an individual’s reason for believing in God may not seem too rational when they are trying to explain them. They may not even stand up to criticism. On the other hand, reason is constructed as a formula. Faith is basically something we believe in, like something we learn in church. Reason is something we learn in school, such as a math formula. A long time ago, prior to the scientific revolution, it was considered anti-Semitic that reason supported religion. The Counterbalance Foundation website observes that before this time, science that…show more content…
Many people, including those of Christian belief then read the works of these classical writers. Of the many classical writers whose works were available to the medieval scholars, the most influential one had to be Plato. In Norman Cantor’s book, he observes that, “Christianity was built as much on Plato as on the Judaic tradition” (Cantor, 18). Because Plato’s work so influential, it would be illuminating to look at exactly what Plato’s ideas were, as well as how they were reinterpreted by medieval scholars. According to Cantor, “To Plato ideas, or conceptual forms, were not idle fantasies, but essential realities. When we refer to ‘justice’ or ‘the state’ or ‘love’, we are actually referring to something that has an independent existence outside our minds” (Cantor, 16). On the other hand, material objects such as a table, which are commonly assumed to have more “reality” than mere ideas, actually have less reality to a Platonist, because “A table would not have come into existence without the idea of a table; it is the idea that gives it shape and reality. Pure, ultimate reality is pure Idea, and the physical world that we touch and see has a reality only insofar as it participates in or is formed by pure Idea” (Cantor, 16). It is easy to see how a philosophy like this could have been eagerly assimilated into medieval Christianity, which denigrated the body in favor of the spirit, and all material things in favor of God. However, it is important to

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