Fall Prevention: Recent Research Findings

2044 WordsFeb 7, 20188 Pages
Fall Prevention Recent Research Findings Introduction Falling is the leading cause of death due to injury for persons 65 years of age or older (CDC, 2012). This problem is so prevalent, that one third of all adults in this age group will fall each year in the United States. In addition to being a leading cause of death for this age group, emergency departments treated 2.3 million and admitted 663,000 older adults in 2010 due to fall-related injuries. The direct medical costs for fall-related injuries during the same reporting period were estimated to be $30 billion. Many of the injuries suffered by older adults are serious and can lead to a significant impact on quality of life (CDC, 2012). For example, 45% of the fatal falls in 2000 involved a traumatic brain injury. Falling is also the primary cause of hip fractures (95%) and in 2009 afflicted 271,000 Americans. Three fourths of these hip fractures were suffered by women. Of those who do fall, including those who sustain no serious injuries, their vitality can suffer due to self-imposed physical restrictions. Muscles can atrophy and mental health can suffer due to a lack of social activities. The physical, social, psychological, and financial impact that falls can have on the elderly population is particularly tragic because falls are frequently preventable (CDC, 2012). This report will examine the findings of recent research into fall prevention in hospital settings, to better understand the preventive

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