Fallacy In Bishop Berkeley's Idealism

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Jee Eun Kwon (JK34569) PHL 301 – MWF 11-12 PM Dr. Bonevac Fallacy in Bishop Berkeley’s Idealism The first philosophical use of the term “idealism” was made by Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz in a reference to the philosophical work of Plato. He used it to represent philosophical thought that claims reality is dependent on the mind rather than independent of mind. Bishop George Berkeley followed his predecessors in defending the idealism by putting heavy emphasis on the view that reality exclusively consists of minds and their ideas. However, his argument was met with rejections by Bertrand Russell. He rejects idealism in factor of realism and scientific method. I along with him think idealism is ambiguous in that it confuses the objects themselves with their mental representations.…show more content…
To say that the tree itself must be in our mind does not make sense. Also, Berkeley argues that things must be known in the mind, and this is overlooking the human being’s power of knowing. Things could have existed long before there were any minds to observe and describe them. Therefore, it is hard to think of what we know as a sole product of mental thinking. Furthermore, to understand the word “idea” in Berkeley’s sense, there two distinct things that have to be considered because he refers to two different things. One is a thing of which we are aware of and the other is the actual awareness of itself. The latter is obvious in that it is a mental act of understanding the object. However, what about the “thing” itself? Berkeley is being ambiguous in leading us to believe that there is a natural agreement between these two different things. So, apprehending takes place in the mind. But what about what we apprehend?Has it also been in our mind? By Berkeley’s equivocation, we come to believe that Jee Eun Kwon (JK34569) PHL 301 – MWF 11-12 PM Dr. Bonevac whatever we apprehended must have been in our mind. This is the ultimate fallacy found in his

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