False Memory Attributions

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Memory attributions are based on various qualitative features of the mental experience. Previous studies have found that despite one experiences an intuitive sense of memory, in which the person believes to be an accurate recording of an encounter; empirical results have shown that this experience can be a reconstructive process, which can lead to the development of false memories (Farrants, 1998; Schacter and Addis, 2007). Past researchers have referred ‘false memories’ as memories that took place within experiments, but experiences that do not correspond to experimentally presented stimuli (Roediger & McDermott, 1995; McDermott, 1996; Payne et al., 1996; Read, 1996; Robinson & Roediger, 1997 cited in Gleaves, Smith, Butler & Spiegel, 2004).…show more content…
It can be explained that with the impression of an inaccurate memory, a person might find himself in an awkward position or trouble. To illustrate, a man might have forgotten about celebrating his wedding anniversary with his wife, assuming that he had already celebrated their anniversary, after he watched video records of their previous celebrations. Or perhaps an anxious woman might provide an incorrect recall of events when she is aware of herself being an important eyewitness towards a serious case of assault; her belief in her false memory will increase especially when she is expecting pressure or stress. Hence, Cody, Steinman and Teachman concluded that notably in individual who anticipates future stress, the person who is pressured would have a greater likelihood in maintaining false believed events, which did not happen, as compared to the others who are not expecting future…show more content…
It was documented that false memories were evidently present in behavioural reenactments of childhood victimization, alcohol induced blackouts and outright lying (Rubin, 1996). In forensic investigation, hypnosis is usually employed to aid in criminal investigations to try and access consciously forgotten information that victims or witnesses think they do, or might, possess. A hypnotic procedure is typically used to encourage and evaluate responses to suggestions through focused attention. In hypnosis, a person will be guided by a hypnotist to enhance respond to suggestions for changes in subjective experience, alterations in perception, sensation, emotion, thought or behavior (Mauera, Buenett, Ouellette, Ironson & Dandes,
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