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False Recognition Vs False Memory

Decent Essays
“We remember what we understand; we understand only what we pay attention to; we pay attention to what we want,” is a famous memory quote stated by an actor, Edward Bolles. Memory is a broad term that reflects different processing abilities on how humans encode, store and retrieves information. There are numerous domains in the human’s memory ability with the storage and retrieval of short-term and long-term information. For many centuries, theorist has tested recall and recognition capabilities on the human’s memory functions. Memory retention is our ability to retain experiences based on the mental process, through the organization of information through meaning, where relations between new information is associated with the previously stored…show more content…
The results indicated that the recognition test had accuracy hits than false recognition, whereas, the recall test had a higher range of false recall. As a result, false memories could be created during the recall. Prior memory consumption with a long interval break over time can affect one’s performance. A study was performed on the long-term recall and recognition of past learned material. The results showed higher memory retention in earlier years and decrease retention after 3 years (Noice & Noice, 2002). Brand names are known to influence memory responses. Lerman and Garbarino (2002) research compared words versus nonwords, relevant versus irrelevant words, and words cueing an advertised attribute versus words cueing unadvertised attribute. They found recall was significantly higher for words brands names and words related to advertised attributes were higher in the recall group. In addition, the recognition accuracy was higher for non-words than word names and higher for irrelevant words. Rare word and attachment to common words can affect one’s memory performance. Dewhurst, Brandt, ND Sharp (2004) study found rare words have an advantage over common words in recognition
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