Family Hierarchy Of East Asian Societies

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In East Asian societies, family hierarchy has been a practice used to regulate one’s self interest as well as the interests of others. However, if everyone in the family thought of their own self interests, the family will deal with conflict and struggle. Similarly, processing order in a family relates to having order in a government. According to Xunzi, humans need proper order, and that only humans can create their own order. Confucian practice considers proper order as the basis of human fruition. Yet, if not handled correctly, proper order may collapse. The reason for the belief in proper order is to succeed in moral and human fruition, and for government elites to live up to their moral principles; however, due to the reality of conflict, corruption, probabilities, and paradoxes of rationality, proper order may be seen as fragile. In the interest to create the preconditions of proper order, one will have to consider coercive minimization, merit maximization, bureaucratic fiscal minimalism, beneficent hierarchy, and co-participation, which will help to preserve the Confucian practice relating government to human interests. Proper order is necessary for government and families since it helps to value the self interests of individuals and affects the basis of human accomplishment. Xunzi believed in law rather than humaneness or righteousness (Yao, 71). However, he believed that the state should consider the interests of the people. Confucius believed that the
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