Family History Project Essays

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Family History Project Part 1 The Philippines is a nation made up of more than 7,000 islands. During the 16th century Philippines was under Spanish rule. The Spanish-American War ended in 1898. United States defeated Spain ending with the Treaty of Paris where control to the Philippines was given to the United States after paying $20 million to the Spanish Empire. The Philippines became one of America’s first major overseas colony and became a major source of emigrants to America (Wills 182). Although Filipinos, people of the Philippines, did not come to the United States in large numbers until 1900s, a few came to North America before then. During the 1500s, ships from Spain traveled between the Spanish colonies of the Philippines and…show more content…
By the 1920s, there were about 4,000 Filipinos that served in the U.S. Navy. Those who served for three years were eligible to become a U.S. citizen. By 1970, almost 17,000 Filipinos served in the U.S. Navy. In 2003, Filipinos made up one-quarter of the 69,000 foreign born on active duty with the Armed Forces. Many Filipinos served a full 20 years and were able to retire from service with benefits. Most settled down in navy towns such as San Diego, California or Norfolk, Virginia (Sterngass 58). Since Philippines was a U.S. territory, Filipinos were not subject to the same immigration restrictions as other Asian groups. In 1907, Filipinos began to move to Hawaii to work on the islands’ sugar plantations. By 1930, there were about 100,000 Filipinos living in Hawaii. Today, Hawaiians of Filipino ancestry are one of the state’s major ethnic group (Wills 183). In the 1920s Filipinos became the fastest growing Asian population in the United States. They worked in the West Coast, Hawaii, and Alaska. They worked on the railroads, in canneries, on farms and fields, and in houses. Agriculture was California’s largest industry. They often worked 10-hour days of backbreaking work, known as stoop labor (Sterngass 43). Most of the Filipinos worked on large farms in the San Joaquin, Imperial, Sacramento, and Salinas valleys. They were paid even less than the Chinese and Japanese for doing the same jobs. Sometimes, they were paid
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