Family Structure

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The impact of globalization on family–structure: a sociological study

Abstract In the present research paper, we shall discuss a study which has been carried out on the Bengali community situating in the lowlands (Tarai) of the Udham Singh Nagar district of Uttarakhand and the effect of Modernization and Globalization on their family structure on this community. Its historicity lies in the fact that the Bengali community living in the lowlands of Udham Singh Nagar has all come from East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh) and mainly from its three districts viz. Khulna, Faridpur and Jasaur. Keywords: Impact of Globalization , Family–Structure, Population Exchange Policy INTRODUCTION Ever since the growth of human civilization, change has remained
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Change in the first aspect of family structure has been clarified by the following point: Change in the Structure of Family Due to the influence of Modernization and Globalization, there has been definite change in the family structure and the original structure of family has been undergoing changes. The nuclear Family has become the fashion and is taking the place of joint family system. In the past, the joint family system was much prevalent in this community. But in the younger generation nuclear family system is practiced at larger scale. During research it also came in limelight that in the past majority of the families were large, but in the present time the family size has been changing rapidly. The table given below shows the family structure and size of the Bengali community situating the lowlands (Tarai) region of Udham Singh Nagar district.

Journal of Experimental Sciences 2012, 3(1): 10-13


Table 1. Nature and size of family in the Bengali community
Sl.No. Nature of Family Small (01-04 Members) 00 105 105 35% Size of Family Medium (03-07 Members) 00 114 114 38% Total Large (Above 07 Members) 81 00 81 27% Percentage

1 2 3 4

Joint Nuclear Total Percentage

81 219 300 100

27 81 100 100

The above mentioned table infers that about 27 percent families belong to large-size and come under the category of joint family systems. The total numbers of members in these families are
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