Family Systems Theory : Family System Theory

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Within every family exists a system within itself. Family systems theory proposes that each family member affects the other, which contributes to the overall dynamic of the family system. In every family, there are three concepts that govern how a family functions, whether positive or negative. Homeostasis is how members attempt to keep order and control, feedback is how they communicate and bond with each other, and boundaries are how the family creates clear lines of contact between each other and the outside world (Lander, Howsare, & Byrne, 2013). When events occur within each family, members adapt to maintain order and cohesion, and consequences are inevitable.
Every family has its own dynamics, but within the Brutoco nuclear family
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“Darya required a lot of attention because of her learning disabilities, she was needy. Rinaldo (Darya’s father) thought she had Fetal Alcohol Syndrome” (L. Brutoco, personal communication, October 10, 2017). Darya was the ninth child born to an alcoholic mother and institutionalized from an early age. Necessary attachment bonds were missing, contributing to the confusing feedback the daughter received in early childhood. Risk factors of institutionalization, attachment dysfunction, and behavior difficulties all contributed to the shifting dynamic of the Brutoco family unit. Consequently, communication styles of parenting and marital conflict ensued when parents were triggered by their incompetence in handling the behavioral difficulties of the adopted child. Authors Chasnoff, Farina, & Leifer found there were strong correlations between levels of insecure attachment in children, who displayed behavior difficulties resulting from institutionalized care, and parenting stress leading to externalizing blame onto the child (Chasnoff, Farina, & Leifer, 2004). “Rinaldo believed Darya was causing the disruption in the family. His anger and rage was frequently triggered by her manipulative behaviors” (L. Brutoco, personal communication, October 10, 2017). To maintain homeostasis within the marriage, the father focused his frustration onto the child with significant behavior difficulties.
Parenting styles
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