Family Youth Communtiy Sciences

1484 Words Feb 10th, 2012 6 Pages
Question 1 of 25 0.4/ 0.4 Points
Theories are vital tools because they
D. provide organizing frameworks for our observations of children.

Question 2 of 25 0.0/ 0.4 Points
The stage concept assumes that change is A. development is a process of gradually adding more of the same types of skills that were there to begin with. B. change is fairly sudden rather than gradual and ongoing. C. infants and preschoolers respond to the world in much the same way as adults do. D. development is a smooth, continuous process.

Question 3 of 25 0.0/ 0.4 Points
Dr. Kudrow views development as open to change in response to influential experiences. Dr. Kudrow probably emphasizes A. plasticity. B. stages. C. stability. D. heredity.
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A. Piaget's stagewise account overemphasizes social and cultural influences on development. B. He overestimated the competencies of infants and young children. C. Adolescents generally reach their full intellectual potential in all areas, regardless of education and experience. D. Children's performance on Piagetian problems can be improved with training.

Question 14 of 25 0.0/ 0.4 Points
Both Piaget's theory and the information-processing perspective A. focus on the development of imagination and creativity. B. regard perception, memory, and problem solving as similar at all ages. C. regard children as active beings who modify their own thinking in response to environmental demands. D. emphasize the importance of equilibration in producing higher levels of thinking.

Question 15 of 25 0.0/ 0.4 Points
Sociocultural theory, ethology, ecological systems theory, and dynamic system theory all focus on A. contexts for development. B. children's biological makeup. C. the adaptive value of behavior. D. how culture is transmitted to the next generation.

Question 16 of 25 0.0/ 0.4 Points
According to Vygotsky's theory, A. today's lifestyles differ so radically from those of our evolutionary ancestors that certain evolved behaviors are no longer adaptive. B. children revise incorrect ideas in their ongoing efforts to achieve equilibrium between internal structures
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