Family and Kinship (Sociology)

Decent Essays
Presented by,

Shailendra Kumar Nitish Singh Amit Dogra

What family means… The family forms the basic unit of social organization and it is difficult to imagine how human society could function without it. The family has been seen as a universal social institution an inevitable part of human society.


Defining “FAMILY”
Various sociologists “family” in various ways:  G.P Murdock defines the family as a social group characterized by common residence, economic cooperation and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship and one or more children own or adopted of the sexually co-habiting adults.  According to Burgess and Lock, the
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Consanguine family which consists of members among whom there exists blood relationship- brother and sister, father and son etc.


Kinship is the relation by the bond of blood, marriage and includes kindered ones. Kinship includes Agnates (sapindas, sagotras); cognates (from mother 's side) and bandhus (atamabandhus, pitrubandhus, and matrubandhus).

Definition of KINSHIP

The network of social relationships which link individuals through common ancestry, marriage, or adoption. Kinship is a term with various meanings depending upon the context. It is usually considered to refer to the web of social relationships that form an important part of the lives of most humans in most societies, although its exact meanings even within this discipline are often debated.

Types Of Kinship
Affinal Kinship
• Kinship due to marriage is affinal kinship. New relations are created when marriage takes place. Not only man establishes relationship with the girl and the members of her but also family members of both the man and the woman get bound among themselves. • Relation by the bond of blood is called consanguineous kinship such as parents and their children and between
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