Farming and Immigration at the Turn of the Century Essay

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Introduction At the turn of the 20th century, hundreds of thousands of immigrants flocked into North America, specifically Western Canada. This phenomenon, according to Owen (n.d) was as a result of the long standing dream encapsulated in the New World philosophy, whereby the average individual immigrant perceived a minimalistic beginning leading to greater opulence. A large portion of those looking to pursue the New World dream were farmers. It is important to realize that the fundamental reason why most occupied the profession of farming was due to the recently successful agrarian revolution in Europe. As such, it is possible to assume that such immigrants thus possessed enough skill and motivation as to suggest their positive…show more content…
Aside from the acquisition of initial land for cultivation, new farmers faced another challenge equally aggressive; farm expansion. It was to be expected that a farmer who wished to make profit out of his exploits should consider expanding their total land under cultivation. From A.J Cotton’s practice, breaking extra land for cultivation provided for maximum crop output during harvesting, and the proper utilization of farming costs. But for expansion to be realized, the farmer would require extra credit, which meant being indebted at high interest rates. The extra land also increased costs of farming such as additional hired hands for plowing, threshing and harvesting the crop. Furthermore, maintenance of farm implements and equipments could prove disastrous to a new farmer especially if it had to be done during the first few years of the venture. The example of Mr. and Mrs. John Hilsop depicting their experience of farming in Canada explains in detail just how hard it was to raise capital for farming. Only with the assistance of A J. Cotton did they realize growth and prosperity. Poor Strategy In elaborating on the importance of strategy, the example of the Hilsop’s will be utilized, and how it made them different and able to realize a fair share of profit, just as Mr. Cotton himself had. However, first and foremost, it is probably important to note that the situation on the ground was aptly discouraging, and this
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